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Kumar Shubham
Kumar Shubham

Posted on • Originally published at shubhamstudent5.Medium

Build a Blog App with React - Finishing the Project (Part 4)

Hello everyone! So, this is going to be the fourth and final part of the React blog app series. In the first part, we discussed how we could start a new React project, and we learnt how to set up a Git repository to track our changes. Also, we had a look at the package.json file.

Notice: I will publish the complete detailed version of all the articles on the Medium website. Here I will give an overview and give the codes for the various pages part by part.
So, please click here to go to Medium and read it in completion. (These are friend links so do not worry about paywall)

Then, in the second part, we started to build our components. First, we got an overview of all our components and how they should work. Next, we built out the Home and the BlogList component.

Next, in the third part, I dealt with the other important components like the Blog detail component, the Create new blog component and the useFetch custom hook.

Now, in the fourth and the final part, I will be dealing with all the leftover components, and we will learn how to set up a local JSON server to act as a server for fetching data.

Navbar Component

import { Link } from 'react-router-dom';

const Navbar = () => {
    return ( 
        <nav className="navbar">
            <h1>React Blog App</h1>
            <div className="links">
                <Link to="/">Home</Link>
                <Link to="/create">Create Blog</Link>
            </div>
        </nav>
     );
}

export default Navbar;
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NotFound Component

import { Link } from "react-router-dom"

const NotFound = () => {
    return ( 
        <div className="not-found">
            <h2>404 Error</h2>
            <p>We cannot find that page!</p>
            <Link to='/'>Take me back to Home</Link>
        </div>
     );
}

export default NotFound;
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App Component

import Navbar from './Navbar';
import Home from './Home';
import Create from './Create';
import BlogDetails from './BlogDetails';
import NotFound from './NotFound';
import { BrowserRouter as Router, Route, Switch} from 'react-router-dom'; 
function App() {
  return (
    <Router>
      <div className="App">
        <Navbar/>
        <div className="content">
          <Switch>
            <Route exact path="/">
              <Home/>
            </Route>
            <Route path="/create">
              <Create/>
            </Route>
            <Route path="/blogs/:id">
              <BlogDetails/>
            </Route>
            <Route path="*">
              <NotFound/>
            </Route>
          </Switch>
        </div>
      </div>
    </Router>
  );
}

export default App;
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index.css

@import url("https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Quicksand:wght@300;400;500;600;700&display=swap");

/* base styles */
* {
  margin: 0;
  font-family: "Quicksand";
  color: #333;
}
.navbar {
  padding: 20px;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  max-width: 600px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #f2f2f2;
}
.navbar h1 {
  color: #f1356d;
}
.navbar .links {
  margin-left: auto;
}
.navbar a {
  margin-left: 16px;
  text-decoration: none;
  padding: 6px;
}
.navbar a:hover {
  color: #f1356d;
}
.content {
  max-width: 600px;
  margin: 40px auto;
  padding: 20px;
}

/* blog previews / list */
.blog-preview {
  padding: 10px 16px;
  margin: 20px 0;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #fafafa;
}
.blog-preview:hover {
  box-shadow: 1px 3px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
}
.blog-preview h2 {
  font-size: 20px;
  color: #f1356d;
  margin-bottom: 8px;
}
.blog-preview a {
  text-decoration: none;
}

/* blog details page */
.blog-details h2 {
  font-size: 20px;
  color: #f1356d;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}
.blog-details div {
  margin: 20px 0;
}
.blog-details button {
  background: #f1356d;
  color: #fff;
  border: 0;
  padding: 8px;
  border-radius: 8px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

/* create new blog form */
.create {
  max-width: 400px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  text-align: center;
}
.create label {
  text-align: left;
  display: block;
}
.create h2 {
  font-size: 20px;
  color: #f1356d;
  margin-bottom: 30px;
}
.create input,
.create textarea,
.create select {
  width: 100%;
  padding: 6px 10px;
  margin: 10px 0;
  border: 1px solid #ddd;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  display: block;
}
.create button {
  background: #f1356d;
  color: #fff;
  border: 0;
  padding: 8px;
  border-radius: 8px;
  cursor: pointer;
}
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Index.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import './index.css';
import App from './App';


ReactDOM.render(
  <React.StrictMode>
    <App />
  </React.StrictMode>,
  document.getElementById('root')
);
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json-server

We will use a json-server to build our fake REST API. To install json-server, type the following command:-

npm install -g json-server
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We will then create a folder named data, and then we will make a file named db.json inside the data folder.

Our db.json file is:-

{
  "blogs": [
    {
      "title": "1st blog",
      "body": "Why do we use it?\nIt is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using 'Content here, content here', making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for 'lorem ipsum' will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).\n\n\nWhere does it come from?\nContrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of \"de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum\" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, \"Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..\", comes from a line in section 1.10.32.\n\nThe standard chunk of Lorem Ipsum used since the 1500s is reproduced below for those interested. Sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 from \"de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum\" by Cicero are also reproduced in their exact original form, accompanied by English versions from the 1914 translation by H. Rackham.\n\nWhere can I get some?\nThere are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary, making this the first true generator on the Internet. It uses a dictionary of over 200 Latin words, combined with a handful of model sentence structures, to generate Lorem Ipsum which looks reasonable. The generated Lorem Ipsum is therefore always free from repetition, injected humour, or non-characteristic words etc.",
      "author": "Shubham",
      "id": 1
    },
    {
      "title": "2nd blog",
      "body": "Why do we use it?\nIt is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using 'Content here, content here', making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for 'lorem ipsum' will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).\n\n\nWhere does it come from?\nContrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of \"de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum\" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, \"Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..\", comes from a line in section 1.10.32.\n\nThe standard chunk of Lorem Ipsum used since the 1500s is reproduced below for those interested. Sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 from \"de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum\" by Cicero are also reproduced in their exact original form, accompanied by English versions from the 1914 translation by H. Rackham.\n\nWhere can I get some?\nThere are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary, making this the first true generator on the Internet. It uses a dictionary of over 200 Latin words, combined with a handful of model sentence structures, to generate Lorem Ipsum which looks reasonable. The generated Lorem Ipsum is therefore always free from repetition, injected humour, or non-characteristic words etc.",
      "author": "Satyam",
      "id": 2
    },
    {
      "title": "3rd blog",
      "body": "Why do we use it? It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using 'Content here, content here', making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for 'lorem ipsum' will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like). Where does it come from? Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of \"de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum\" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, \"Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..\", comes from a line in section 1.10.32. The standard chunk of Lorem Ipsum used since the 1500s is reproduced below for those interested. Sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 from \"de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum\" by Cicero are also reproduced in their exact original form, accompanied by English versions from the 1914 translation by H. Rackham. Where can I get some? There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary, making this the first true generator on the Internet. It uses a dictionary of over 200 Latin words, combined with a handful of model sentence structures, to generate Lorem Ipsum which looks reasonable. The generated Lorem Ipsum is therefore always free from repetition, injected humour, or non-characteristic w",
      "author": "Anmol",
      "id": 3
    }
  ]
}
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Now, to start the server, type the following command:-

npx json-server — watch data/db.json — port 8000
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We are defining the location where we have kept the data that needs to be watched. We also define a port value of 8000 to fire on a different server than the one we're using for React.

Here, we have used npx to run the command, which allows us to run commands from a local or a remote npm package. So, if you have installed the package earlier, we don’t need to use npx. But if you have not installed it, we need to use npx. npx first downloads the required package, if not available locally and then run the command.

So, our json-server is up and running, and we can start our React application on a different port and view it in the browser to check if everything is working properly.

So, this is all for this part. We have finished the basic series. I may choose to renew this series later with an actual backend, but this is enough for now.

So, I hope you enjoyed reading the series and learnt something useful.

To read the complete tutorial, please move to Medium and read the complete article.

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