"Why can't I get things done?" This is a common question that bounces around productivity forums and communities like r/gtd. And we can understand why.
David Allen's Getting Things Done® (GTD®) is not the easiest productivity system to bite into. But maybe the crux of the matter is that you're simply thinking about GTD as "just another to-do list?"
Whether you're new to the Getting Things Done® (GTD®) methodology or just want to give it another shot, you should know a couple of things before we start.
- 📥 What Is Getting Things Done and How Does It Work?
- ⚡ Getting Things Done® (GTD®) Cheat Sheet
- 🤯 Common GTD Obstacle or Why You Can't Get Things Done
- 🛠️ How to Make Getting Things Done Work For You
- 🐑 Parting Words
- 🔗 Resources
Getting Things Done® (GTD®) is a personal productivity methodology created by productivity consultant David Allen. GTD is also one of the "classic" productivity systems that has been around long enough to build a cult-like following. And for all the good reasons.
Implementing Getting Things Done® (GTD®) will help you:
- ⏰ Effectively manage your time and available resources.
- 🤹♂️ Deal with personal and professional commitments.
- 🧘♀️ Clear your mind and focus on the work that matters.
- 🗓️ Plan your days so you always know what to do next.
- 🌱 Establish a productivity routine that'll serve you for life.
The overarching goal of GTD is to "extract" tasks, obligations, reminders, ideas, and (mental) notes out of your head and into a foolproof, reliable system. Moving all those items to an external medium lets you free up your cognitive bandwidth and, well... get things done.
David Allen's methodology is built on five pillars---capture, clarify, organize, reflect, engage--- corresponding to steps in the workflow. You can think of the five pillars as powerful work habits you can improve and reflect on each time you repeat the GTD cycle.
Here's a bite-sized overview of the methodology:
- 📥 Capture: According to Allen, the human brain is excellent at generating new ideas, but it's not designed to store those ideas ad infinitum. First, you need to transfer everything you normally marinate in your mind---ideas, tasks, observations, goals---into a (digital) in-tray or inbox. This could be a task management or note-taking app.
- 💡 Clarify: Next, your job is to "clarify" what to do with the things in your inbox and, eventually, turn them into Next Actions. Unlike regular to-dos, next actions are precise and context-rich items. For instance, "finish the draft" is pretty ambiguous, but "finish the 1st draft of my next novel by 24th March 2022" makes everything clear.
You can process your Inbox items in several ways:
- 🗑️ Trash: If no action is needed (now or in the future).
- 🗃️ Store in reference files: If you need it for current or future projects.
- 👉 Do: Complete the action if it takes less than 2 minutes.
- 👥 Delegate: Assign the item to someone else (if possible).
⏰ Defer: Add to a calendar (set date) or Someday/Maybe folder (no date).
🧹 Organize: GTD leaves nothing to chance. You need to regularly review and organize every item you add to the system. You can do this by using subject-specific lists, folders, or tags. At this stage, you also should continue removing any non-actionable items.
🧘♂️ Reflect: GTD encourages you to regularly review and reflect on your workflow. Allen suggests running Weekly Review sessions to review all GTD lists, add any tasks and documents that slipped through the cracks, get creative, and capture fresh ideas.
⚡ Engage: Finally, once your system is up and running, you can start getting things done and completing the next actions that emerge as you use your GTD setup.
Simple? Not Really...
To say that Getting Things Done® (GTD®) is popular would be an understatement. When Allen published his book Getting Things Done in 2001, he singlehandedly created the personal productivity space. Over 20 years later, GTD is still alive and kicking.
But that doesn't mean it's for everybody.
Many new GTD users look at Allen's Next Actions and say: "Hey, aren't those just like my crumpled to-dos but in a fancy marketing wrapping?" And we get it. After all, both to-dos and next actions are meant to be "completed," so the endgame is pretty much the same, right?
Well, not really. As we've already explained, to-dos and next actions are two different animals. According to Allen, to-do lists lack context. They're just shapeless blobs of mismatched tasks and reminders that lack priority, due dates, and enough details to be actionable.
Ambiguous actions/tasks like "send the report urgently" are not enough to warrant actionability. Who should you send it to? How are you supposed to send the report? What exactly does "urgently" mean? Which report should you send in the first place?
Getting those items out of your mind and onto a to-do list is relieving, but not for long. Simply because an incomplete system is not reliable. And if you can't trust the system you're using, you're bound to fall back on old habits and continue storing tasks and ideas all over the place.
Chances are your current workflow involves both analog and digital tools that may include notebooks, to-do apps, note-taking apps, cloud storage solutions, and even your bottomless inbox. Using several tools to manage your workflow creates a severely fragmented workflow.
Those problems compound with each new variable. You complete fewer tasks and move more items to the backlog. The next day, you add new tasks and the list grows instead of getting shorter. As Nietzsche wrote, "if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes back."
This vicious cycle is a common problem for many to-do users---we create meaningless lists full of ambiguous tasks that rarely see closure. GTD won't work for you unless you learn how to drop that "to-do mentality" and get intentional about your work and personal life.
Finally, let's not forget that Getting Things Done® is a life-long investment. It requires commitment---trimming the grass, watering the plants, fertilizing the soil---to see lasting effects. Treating your fledgling GTD setup like "just another to-do list" defeats the purpose.
But hey, we're here to help you fix that! 🥳
Did you know that the popular "trust the process" mantra comes from the world of professional sports? It was coined in 2013 by Philadelphia 76es general manager Sam Hinkie who mentioned it to journalists to describe his team's newly-implemented strategy.
💬 "We talk a lot about process---not outcome---and trying to consistently take all the best information you can and consistently make good decisions. Sometimes they work and sometimes they don't, but you reevaluate them all."
If you want GTD to work for you, you need to trust the process AND trust the system. That's not easy. When you can't process information fast enough, you start bouncing between tools that happen to be around---notebooks, post-it notes, or note-taking apps.
The whole purpose of your GTD is to become your single source of truth (SSOT). Whether it's work or personal stuff you want to manage, you need to have ONE system to manage all your notes, next actions, ideas, thoughts, observations, and reminders.
And this is where Taskade comes into place!
Taskade is a project and task management platform that makes it easier to capture, organize, and process all your GTD items. Taskade lets you store notes, tasks, projects, reminders, and documents in one place so you don't have to waste time switching between apps.
Many people drop off GTD because there's too much friction in capturing information. Taskade allows you to view and add items to your GTD workflow on desktop (Mac, Windows), mobile (iOS, Android), and in a web browser, all with secure, real-time sync over the cloud.
Actionability is key in Getting Things Done®. But how do you make big, complex projects like "launch a successful app", "learn programming," or "get in shape" actionable rather than intimidating? You can use the power of outlining to break those rocks into pebbles!
Haven't heard about outlining? In a nutshell, outlining is the process of creating hierarchical lists to contain whatever you're thinking or working on. An outline lets you break complex tasks or projects into smaller, more manageable bits and see all the moving parts easily.
Outlining your big and small projects will help you create precise and context-rich next actions. It'll also give you clearly defined starting points for all the tasks you're working on. Plus, bite-sized tasks are less intimidating which means you're less likely to procrastinate on them.
💬 "Having a meaningful and well-defined task beats willpower every time. Not having willpower, but not having to use willpower indicates that you set yourself up for success. This is where the organization of writing and note-taking comes into play."
-- Sönke Ahrens, How to Take Smart Notes
Whenever you add items to your GTD system, you need to visualize major tasks as a series of actionable steps, or sub-tasks if you will, you'll complete in a sequence. Going back to our example, you can easily break "launching an app" into the following sections:
- 🛫 Pre-launch
- 🛩 During launch
- 🛬 Post-launch
But our list still lacks context. Taskade lets you add depth to next actions in several ways. You can use #tags to categorize items or define their priority, add due dates to time-sensitive items, and even upload images and other documents to see all resources in one place.
We all have some positive work habits. But chances are you also have a fair share of bad habits that stand between you and an effective GTD setup. This can be anything from disorganization, putting things off, or procrastinating at the slightest hint of resistance.
If you want to make GTD stick, you need to replace those bad habits with new ones that'll help you cultivate your system. The beauty of habit-building is that small changes compound over time and make it much easier to roll out improvements across other aspects of your life.
💬 "As people strengthened their willpower muscles in one part of their lives---in the gym, or a money management program---that strength spilled over into what they ate or how hard they worked. Once willpower became stronger, it touched everything."
---Charles Duhigg, The Power Of Habit
Not sure where to start? Focus on the areas of GTD that are the most problematic, like daily note-taking and Weekly Reviews. You can create recurring tasks in Taskade to remind you when it's time to sit down and review your system or fill the Inbox with new, exciting ideas.
But that's not all. Trying to tackle all your life errands, and all your work responsibilities can be too much to handle if you're new to GTD. No matter how organized you are or how good your task management software is (not pointing fingers!), you need to do some field testing.
Don't just jump on GTD as if your life depended on it. We recommend that you stick to your current routine while building a GTD setup in the background. Keep reading and rereading the book, highlighting passages, and implementing GTD in increments.
For instance, you may want to create a new Folder in Taskade and start building a GTD setup separately from the rest of your workflow. Once you have the framework in place, you can start filling your in-tray with tasks and ideas connected to a single, small-scale project.
Building a GTD setup in the background will help you A/B test the setup without interfering with how you currently get things done. It'll also make it easier to patch any holes as you keep coming back to the book and implementing new Getting Things Done® mechanics.
Getting Things Done® is a powerful productivity system that'll help you take back control over your personal and professional life. That's as long as you're willing to put in the time and effort to set things up properly and use the system every single day.
Don't worry if you've read the book, made notes, and there are still things you don't understand or haven't implemented. Take GTD one bite at a time. At the end of the day, the goal is to use Getting Things Done® as advertised: to take the stress out of your life.
To make your job easier, we created a simple Getting Things Done template you can use for free. Add the templates to your Taskade Workspace, customize it, and start getting things done today. You can also share the template with your team to collaborate on your GTD workflow.
Enjoyed this article? We've covered a lot of ground on personal productivity and effective task management. Here are a few similar articles you can check next.
- 🌐 Why Distributed Teams Need GTD Workflows
- ✔️ The Power of Checklists and Atul Gawande's Checklist Manifesto
- 🧘♂️ How to Reduce Context Switching and Reach Flow State