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Curses with Python

The curses module gives an interface to the curses library, the accepted standard for convenient propelled terminal handling.

While curses is most generally utilized in the Unix condition, adaptations are accessible for Windows, DOS, and potentially different frameworks too.

curses

This module is intended to coordinate the API of ncurses, an open-source curses library facilitated on Linux and the BSD variations of Unix.

import sys,os
import curses

def draw_menu(stdscr):
    k = 0
    cursor_x = 0
    cursor_y = 0

    # Clear and refresh the screen for a blank canvas
    stdscr.clear()
    stdscr.refresh()

    # Start colors in curses
    curses.start_color()
    curses.init_pair(1, curses.COLOR_CYAN, curses.COLOR_BLUE)
    curses.init_pair(2, curses.COLOR_BLACK, curses.COLOR_BLUE)
    curses.init_pair(3, curses.COLOR_BLACK, curses.COLOR_GREEN)

    # Loop where k is the last character pressed
    while (k != ord('q')):

        # Initialization
        stdscr.clear()

        height, width = stdscr.getmaxyx()

        if k == curses.KEY_DOWN:
            cursor_y = cursor_y + 1
        elif k == curses.KEY_UP:
            cursor_y = cursor_y - 1
        elif k == curses.KEY_RIGHT:
            cursor_x = cursor_x + 1
        elif k == curses.KEY_LEFT:
            cursor_x = cursor_x - 1

        cursor_x = max(0, cursor_x)
        cursor_x = min(width-1, cursor_x)

        cursor_y = max(0, cursor_y)
        cursor_y = min(height-1, cursor_y)

        # Declaration of strings
        title = "Curses example"[:width-1]
        subtitle = "Python TUI example"[:width-1]
        keystr = "Last key pressed: {}".format(k)[:width-1]
        statusbarstr = "Press 'q' to exit | STATUS BAR | Pos: {}, {}".format(cursor_x, cursor_y)
        if k == 0:
            keystr = "No key press detected..."[:width-1]

        # Centering calculations
        start_x_title = int((width // 2) - (len(title) // 2) - len(title) % 2)
        start_x_subtitle = int((width // 2) - (len(subtitle) // 2) - len(subtitle) % 2)
        start_x_keystr = int((width // 2) - (len(keystr) // 2) - len(keystr) % 2)
        start_y = int((height // 2) - 2)

        # Render status bar
        stdscr.attron(curses.color_pair(3))
        stdscr.addstr(height-1, 0, statusbarstr)
        stdscr.addstr(height-1, len(statusbarstr), " " * (width - len(statusbarstr) - 1))
        stdscr.attroff(curses.color_pair(3))

        # Turning on attributes for title
        stdscr.attron(curses.color_pair(2))
        stdscr.attron(curses.A_BOLD)

        # Rendering title
        stdscr.addstr(start_y, start_x_title, title)

        # Turning off attributes for title
        stdscr.attroff(curses.color_pair(2))
        stdscr.attroff(curses.A_BOLD)

        # Print rest of text
        stdscr.addstr(start_y + 1, start_x_subtitle, subtitle)
        stdscr.addstr(start_y + 3, (width // 2) - 2, '-' * 4)
        stdscr.addstr(start_y + 5, start_x_keystr, keystr)
        stdscr.move(cursor_y, cursor_x)

        # Refresh the screen
        stdscr.refresh()

        # Wait for next input
        k = stdscr.getch()

def main():
    curses.wrapper(draw_menu)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

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