If you try to create a navigation element ('nav') with menu created via not ordered list items, you will find yourself facing a problem of approximately 4px spacing between 'li' elements.
It's not a margin. HTML code looks like this:
Let me start by saying that the cause of this issue lies in html markup. Every time when we insert new 'li' element on a separate line in code editor, we are inserting a line break at the end of previous 'li' element. This line break is interpreted as a white-space by our agent (browser). The default behavior of the browser to render a white-space - is to generate space of 4px. Actually, it's not 4px exactly. It depends on font-family (serif, sans-serif), font-size and scale. But these are minor issues and could be omitted. We'll assume, that this spacing is always 4px. Which is true in most cases.
There are several ways to avoid annoying 4px spacing. Each one has its cons and pros. It's up to you to decide, which one to use. They can be grouped by 'HTML' and 'CSS' methods.
All the below will produce the same result like:
All the below will have basically the same pro/con:
Pro: No hassle with css.
Con: Not regular html markup, which is usually hard to read.
1) [HTML method] Write all li elements in one line without line breaks
2) [HTML method] No line breaks between closing and opening 'li' tags. The rest of code can sit on separate lines.
3) [HTML method] Insert html comment instead of line breaks.
4) [HTML method] Break closing 'li' tag btween lines.
5) [HTML method] Skip closing 'li' tag, its HTML5 valid.
6) [CSS method] Assign negative margin for contents of 'li' elements.
Though, in my case, 4px were not enough to kill the spacing. See a screen:
So I should set margin-right for -5px.
7) [CSS method] Set font-size to zero for parent element and set correct font-size for 'li' elements.
Though, in this case, you can't use 'em' or '%' font-size for child elements. All children of this parent will have font-size zero, so only 'rem' or 'px' font-sizes can be used.
8) [CSS method] Set float 'left' for 'li' elements.
But in this case, extra positioning is needed.