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Recursion in C Programming

Alimam Miya
I have not a great Programming Knowledge, I have good Programming Knowledge, with great habit.
・2 min read

In this tutorial, we will study what is recursion in c programming, the structure of the recursion function, the advantages and disadvantages of recursion in c, the types of recursion, and the factorial of a number using recursion.

Recursion in C Programming

Recursion is a process in which the function calls itself. Recursion is used to solve a problem by dividing it into small parts. Such functions which call themselves are called recursive functions.

Structure of Recursive Function

return type myFunction(Parameters-list)
{
  statement 1;
  statement 2; 
  …
  statement N;
  myFunction(Arguments-list);
  …
  other statements;
}
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Recursion in c

Advantages

  • If we solve a problem through Recursion, then there is no need to call the function again and again. If we call the function 1 time, it keeps calling itself till the end result comes.
  • The same problem is easily solved in recursion.

Disadvantages

  • Recursive programs are slower than normal programs.
  • Requires consuming extra memory.

Types of Recursion in C

Direct Recursion

Direct recursion is a recursion in which a function calls itself.

return_type MyFunction(parameter-list)
{
  statements;
  MyFunction(argument-list);
  other statements;
}
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Indirect Recursion

In this, one function calls another function which in return calls it itself.

First Function

return_type FunctionOne(parameter-list)
{
statements;
FunctionTwo(argument-list);
other statements;
}
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Second Function

return_type FunctionTwo(parameter-list)
{
statements;
FunctionOne(argument-list);
other statements;
}
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Factorial of a Number Using Recursion

#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
long int fact(int n);
int main()
{
  int n;
  printf("Enter a positive integer: ");
  scanf("%d", &n);
  printf("Factorial of %d = %ld", n, fact(n));
  return 0;
}
long int fact(int n)
{
  if (n >= 1)
  return n*fact(n-1);
  else
  return 1;
}
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Output

Enter a positive integer: 4
Factorial of 4 = 24
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Originally posted on alimammiya.hashnode.dev

Discussion (1)

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Andrew Clayton

Small tip.

If you put your main() at the bottom, you can loose the fact() prototype.