I'm brand new to Kubernetes and looking at setting up K3s, a light-weight certified Kubernetes distribution, with k3sup. The utility, built by Alex Ellis, was recommended in Rancher Lab's Intro to Kubernetes and Rancher as an easy way to setup Kubernetes - which I am ALL for!
Ok, to get Kubernetes up and running I'll take you through the following steps:
- Install VirtualBox
- Download Ubuntu
- Setup a Virtual Machine
- Configure the Virtual Machine
- Run k3sup
Setup - Install VirtualBox
Keep your comfort chew toy nearby as it may be needed. Turns out that you down run K3s locally you your mac!
So we will need to get VirtualBox up and running. I like installing this with Homebrew:
$ brew cask install virtualbox
VirtualBox will allow us to run another operating system on our computer! We can then launch it from the command line or via Spotlight etc - homebrew should have installed it into our Applications folder.
Thinking a bit ahead, we want to select the OS that we will run, this is where K3S will be installed and our Kubernetes cluster will be running. I'm going to go with the simple Ubuntu. There are several varieties - do you want a desktop or server etc. I choose the server option, as we should only need the terminal!
At this time, Ubuntu Server 20.04.1 LTS is available, so download that - its a little over 2.5 GBs.
Setup A Virtual Machine
Since we have VirtualBox and our operating system ISO image downloaded, lets set up our Virtual Machine. Within VirtualBox you will want to click New in the top right:
I kept it simple with the following settings:
I keep all other options to the default, click through till I'm back at the VirtualBox UI with
demo appearing on the left.
I want to make one change to this machine before we kick off the install, and that is to make it easier to SSH into it later. So click settings:
And navigate to the
Network tab. You'll want to change the Network adapter to be a
Configure the Virtual Machine
You'll be asked to select the ISO image you downloaded for Ubuntu. Once you do, it will take a minute or two as it loads up everything before guiding you through the install. Again, I simply selected all the defaults, with ONE execption.
After prompting for the username/password, you are asked if you want to
Install OpenSSH server, and I did choose that. Everything else remains a default option.
Once Ubuntu is fully installed and restarted, we are to login on VirtualBox:
Once logged in, we want to install
$ sudo install net-tools -y
Now we can find the IP address of our virtual machine:
So I'll note down
K3sup will SSH into our virtual machine to set everything up. We want it to run as the super user
root. Yet, Ubuntu does not allow users to ssh into root using a password by default. So we will:
- Create an SSH Key
- Copy it to our user on Ubuntu
- Give it to root
Lets start with our SSH key:
$ ssh-keygen -b 4096
I saved my key to
Now I setup my user as
gizmo so I can now copy the newly generated key to the virtual machine with:
$ ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/virtualbox.pub firstname.lastname@example.org
And you should get output similar to the following:
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/Users/john/.ssh/virtualbox.pub" The authenticity of host '192.168.1.165 (192.168.1.165)' can't be established. ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:44chMilIP9TccmwKCWFelj/JizrUQGCYE/vv4tXURQU. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yes /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keys email@example.com's password: Number of key(s) added: 1 Now try logging into the machine, with: "ssh 'firstname.lastname@example.org'" and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.
And we will test this by logging into the machine:
$ ssh -i ~/.ssh/virtualbox email@example.com
You should get in without getting prompted for any credentials.
Now we want to move this key over to the
root user so that k3sup can work:
$ gizmo@demo:~$ sudo su [sudo] password for gizmo: $ root@demo:/home/gizmo# cp .ssh/authorized_keys ~/.ssh/
If we exit out back to our mac terminal, we can verify this again by connecting as root:
$ ssh -i ~/.ssh/virtualbox firstname.lastname@example.org
Exit out of the ubuntu machine.
The simplicity of this tool is wonderful! We can install it on our mac with:
curl -sLS https://get.k3sup.dev | sh
And we can get our Kubernetes cluster up and running in under a minute:
k3sup install --ip=192.168.1.165 --ssh-key="~/.ssh/virtualbox" --user=root --k3s-version=v1.18.3+k3s1
The script will SSH into our Ubuntu server and configure our Kubernetes cluster.
It should end with something similar to the following:
# Test your cluster with: export KUBECONFIG=/Users/john/../k3sup-On-MacOs-Catalina/kubeconfig kubectl get node -o wide
Lets try these commands out:
$ kubectl get node -o wide NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION INTERNAL-IP EXTERNAL-IP OS-IMAGE KERNEL-VERSION CONTAINER-RUNTIME demo Ready master 54s v1.18.3+k3s1 192.168.1.165 <none> Ubuntu 20.04.1 LTS 5.4.0-42-generic containerd://1.3.3-k3s2
Great! We have stuff up and running - now to continue on with the Kubernetes tutorials!
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