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List of uses of spread operator

capscode profile image capscode ・2 min read

Hello everyone,

In this tutorial we are going to explain all the uses of SPREAD OPERATOR in JavaScript.

So without wasting much time,, lets get started.
Below are the uses:

  • Copying an array
  • Concatenating or combining arrays
  • Using Math functions
  • Using an array as arguments
  • Adding elements in array from other array(or pushing array to an array)
  • Merging object
  • Copying an Object
  • Converting HTMLCollections to array
  • Converting string to character
  • Remove duplicates from an array and create an array of unique elements

1. Copying an array

var arr = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7]
var copy_arr = arr
var copy_arr_spread = [...arr]

console.log(arr) //[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
console.log(copy_arr) //[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
console.log(copy_arr_spread) //[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
arr.push(8)

console.log(arr) //[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
console.log(copy_arr) //[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
console.log(copy_arr_spread) //[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
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2. Concatenating or combining arrays

var s1 = ['c','a','p','s']
var s2 = ['c','o','d','e']
var str = [...s1, ...s2]
console.log(str) //["c", "a", "p", "s", "c", "o", "d", "e"]
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3. Using Math functions

How we ccan find min or max in array
var find_max = [10,20,50, 90,12]
console.log(Math.max(find_max)) //NaN
console.log(Math.max(...find_max)) //90
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4. Using an array as arguments

function TopThree_Skills(a,b,c){
  console.log(`${a}, ${b}, ${c}`) //c, javascript, reatjs
}

var skills=["c", "javascript", "reatjs", "java", "python", "sql"]
TopThree_Skills(...skills)
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5. Adding elements in array from other array

var a1 = ['c','o','d','e']
var a2 = ['c','a','p','s', ...a1]
console.log(a2) //["c", "a", "p", "s", "c", "o", "d", "e"]

//some more uses - pushing array to an array
var todo = ["read", "write","learn"]
var my_todo_list = ["code","eat","sleep"]

my_todo_list.push(...todo)
console.log(my_todo_list) //["code", "eat", "sleep", "read", "write", "learn"]
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6. Merging object

var obj1 = {
  fname: "John",
  lname: "Doe",
}

var obj2 = {
  comp: "capscode",
  atm_pin: "0000"
}
var obj = {...obj1,...obj2}
console.log(obj) //{fname: "John", lname: "Doe", comp: "capscode", atm_pin: "0000"}
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7. Copying an Object

var person = {
  fname: "John",
  lname: "Doe",
}
var myobj_temp = person 
var myobj = {...person}

person.phone = "1234567890"

console.log(person) //{fname: "John",lname: "Doe", phone: "1234567890"}
console.log(myobj_temp) //{fname: "John",lname: "Doe", phone: "1234567890"}
console.log(myobj) //{fname: "John",lname: "Doe",}
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8. Converiting HTMLCollections to array

var doc_arr = [...document.querySelectorAll('div')] //try by writing this in your console
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9. Converting string to character

var comp = "capscode"
var t=[...comp]
console.log(t) // ["c", "a", "p", "s", "c", "o", "d", "e"]
console.log(...comp) //c a p s c o d e
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10. Remove duplicates from an array and create an array of unique elements

const list = [1, 3, 1, 3, 3, 2]
const unique = [...new Set(list)]
console.log(unique) //[1,3,2]
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if we have missed any point then let us know in the comment.

Hope this post will be helpful for you.
if you liked it, please let us know in the comment and show us your love by hitting 👍

Thank you,
Team CapsCode

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