This is the write-up(actually a reflection) for the Find the leaking bucket from the team Ov3rWr1t3.
I was excited to see that there was a cloud category when the admins release the categories that are available on discord as I have been doing some research on cloud during my internship and thought this will be a good time for me to test myself on what I know.
However, I did not managed to solve this challenge 😞
Feeling lucky, my first attempt I tried the combination
cybersecurity-smartcity-s4fet3ch as these seems like the most likely combination for this challenge.
Still pumped with the early-stage CTF adrenaline rush, I continued trying out several different combinations manually like a gambling addict trying to figure out his next winning lottery numbers but in my case it was a 2 letter combination which supposed to have a higher rate of getting the right combinations but I guess I wasn't lucky that night and I knew that I spent too much time on manually keying on the combination this is where I decided to change my approach and get a python script to generate a wordlist for the possible combination.
I found a script and modify it and keyed in on the different words.
from itertools import permutations
for group in permutations(['safe-', 'online-', 'technologies-', 'digital-', 'data-','parking-','wireless-','data-','information-','architecture-','ai-','technology-','computer-','fintech-','efficiency-','smartcity-','payment-','applications-','cybersecurity-','communication-','systems-','knowledge-','iot-','innovation-','mobile-','analytics-'], 2):
At this point, I took a break and when to try other challenges as I felt I spent too much time on this challenge.
After generating a new wordlist, I tried using another s3 bucket enumeration tool called s3scanner, as this tool has a dump function which allows you to dump all files on any open s3 buckets you find. All you need to do is run the command,
python s3scanner.py -d wordlist.txt.
Even though I went to did a manual verification but at the time I think was blocked by AWS and could not access that bucket anymore.
I found out that was the actual bucket after the CTF and was only able to download it after the CTF was over. To find out how the challenge is solve you can read Matthea Loo's write up on Medium.
Even though I did not solve the challenge during CTF, I definitely picked up quite a lot of new things. Thank you for taking your time to read this post.
I would like to thank my team members from(Ov3rwr1t3) for participating the CTF. We will try harder💪💪 for our next CTF!