It can be quite cumbersome when you have a lot of remote servers to log into. If they support SSH access or if you can configure them to do so, managing access to multiple servers can be pleasantly manageable.
What most programmers don't seem to know is that SSH can use a configuration file in
~/.ssh/config to create an alias of sorts for SSH hosts. If you use aliases in Bash then you can think of this as an alias for creating an SSH connection to a server.
# Without config ssh -i ~/.ssh/linode01.id_rsa email@example.com # With config ssh cp.linode01
By using the
~/.ssh/config file, it no longer becomes necessary to provide all of the connection parameters every time you want to connect. All information needed to connect to a host can just be defined in a host entry inside the config file.
Host cp.linode01 Hostname 188.8.131.52 User czar.pino IdentityFile ~/.ssh/linode01.id_rsa
Another side benefit to this is that you also automatically have a document of all SSH servers you can connect to. No need to maintain an easily outdated spreadsheet which has to be updated separately.
Host cp.linode01 Hostname 184.108.40.206 User czar.pino IdentityFile ~/.ssh/linode01.id_rsa Host cp.linode02 Hostname 220.127.116.11 User czar.pino IdentityFile ~/.ssh/linode02.id_rsa Host cp.ec2-01 Hostname 18.104.22.168 User ec2-user IdentityFile ~/.ssh/ec2-01.id_rsa Host cp.ec2-02 Hostname 22.214.171.124 User ec2-user IdentityFile ~/.ssh/ec2-02.id_rsa
Originally published at https://plog.czarpino.com/storing-database-backups/
Top comments (6)
Also nice to know for the configuration is that you can specify options that are common for some or most hosts, like X forwarding, agent forwarding, etc..
If you sometimes need to route through a different server, you can also specify these in the config file.
Many times yes to the config, good that you're showing its capabilities.
For me, SSH config always sounded tricky but this post made it easy so thanks @Czar
I think it could be even better and standardized for one's team members by having it in version control, e.g: Git which will help have an audit trail, easier to maintain than having multiple files on one's PC & an indirect backup due to being in a VCS
Happy it helped you Vinay!
I agree using config file is best, another one is to sign up with something like userify which works right off your rsa id.
That's a really interesting alternative Joe. Thanks for sharing!
You just saved me a lot of weekly time typing users, full hostnames and ports! Thank you!