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Budi Irawan
Budi Irawan

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What other ways to enforce immutability in Angular beside using Immutable.js?

If we use OnPush change detection strategy, immutability is helpful to ensure change detection works expectedly.

Problem in Immutable.js

One of the way to enforce immutability is using Immutable.js. However, using Immutable.js is not really straightforward. It adds another layer instead of using JS object directly e.g

const apps = List([{ name: 'slack' }, { name: 'skype' }]);
apps.get(0); // { name: 'slack' }

const app = Map({ name: 'slack' });
map.get("name"); // 'slack'

// Using Record if we want to access property directly
const AppRecord = Record({
    name: ''

class App extends AppRecord {
    constructor(props) {

const newApp = new App({ name: 'slack' });; // 'slack'
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We have to use get when using List and Map. Using Record could solve the issue, but if we have a very large object, using Record will be hard to maintain because we need to create each record per object and it's nested object.

Other issue is about JS compatibility because it needs to use fromJS and toJS methods to convert from and to JS object.

I'd say that I'm not a fan of that lib and it makes things more complicated.

Other possible approach I'm thinking of:

TS readonly + ESLint immutable

Since Angular using Typescript, let's use Readonly<T>, ReadonlyArray to enforce immutability.

Also add this no-mutation ESLint rule as extra protection

is there any better approach?

Thank you

Top comments (2)

vitoke profile image
Arvid Nicolaas

To deal with nested plain objects in an immutable way, you can use the patch function from the Rimbu immutable collections library (disclaimer: I am the author of this library)

cfrapper profile image

Hello, did you find any better approach to the problem ? Or are you satisfy to the second method you mentioned ?