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Testing simple web server

dev117uday profile image Uday Yadav ・2 min read

Testing web server in Golang

  • create a file with name <anything>_test.go, these files are ignore by compiler
  • write a func matching func TestXxx(*testing.T) where Xxx does not start with a lowercase letter. The function name serves to identify the test routine.
  • to run the test : go test

Testing

  • inorder to test the handler, we call it by passing http.ResponseWriter and *http.Request

  • to create a new Request

req, err := http.NewRequest(
    http.MethodGet,                 // defining method of HTTP request
    "http://localhost:8080/",       // Url to hit
    nil,                            // Body (taking nil right now)
)

// checking for any errors            
if err != nil {
    t.Fatalf("Could not create a request %v", err)
}
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  • to record the response from the writer
rec := httptest.NewRecorder()
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  • to verify
// calling the function
helloWorldEndPoint(rec, req)

// checking status code
if rec.Code != http.StatusOK {
    t.Errorf("accepted status 200, got %v", rec.Code)
}

// checking the msg returned
if !strings.Contains(rec.Body.String(), "hello world") {
    t.Errorf("unexpected body in response %q", rec.Body.String())
}
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Full code server.go

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "net/http"
)

func main() {

    http.HandleFunc("/", helloWorldEndPoint)
    fmt.Println("Server :  http://localhost:8080")
    log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil))

}

func helloWorldEndPoint(writer http.ResponseWriter, request *http.Request) {

    fmt.Fprintf(writer, "hello world")

}
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full code main_test.go

package main

import (
    "net/http"
    "net/http/httptest"
    "strings"
    "testing"
)

func TestHandler(t *testing.T) {

    req, err := http.NewRequest(
        http.MethodGet,
        "http://localhost:8080/",
        nil,
    )

    if err != nil {
        t.Fatalf("Could not create a request %v", err)
    }

    rec := httptest.NewRecorder()
    helloWorldEndPoint(rec, req)

    if rec.Code != http.StatusOK {
        t.Errorf("accepted status 200, got %v", rec.Code)
    }

    if !strings.Contains(rec.Body.String(), "hello world") {
        t.Errorf("unexpected body in response %q", rec.Body.String())
    }

}
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