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Toni Domazet
Toni Domazet

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Quicksort sorting algorithm

Quicksort is a sorting algorithm. It's a divide-and-conquer algorithm that sorts a sequence by recursively dividing it into smaller subsequences. Let's see our function:

function quick_sort(array) {
    if(array.length < 2) return array;

    const pivot = array[0];

    let lower = array.filter(e => e < pivot),    
        greater = array.filter(e => e > pivot);

    return [...quick_sort(lower), pivot, ...quick_sort(greather)];


Empty arrays and arrays with just one element are the base case. Nothing to sort here, and we can just return those arrays as is.

Quicksort algorithm starts with picking a pivot. There are many ways to choose a pivot:
• 1st element (as we do)
• last element
• median of the array as a pivot
• a random element as the pivot

const pivot = array[0];

After filtering collection (array) we have:
• A sub-array of all the numbers lower than the pivot
• The pivot
• A sub-array of all the numbers greater than the pivot

return [...quick_sort(lower), pivot, ...quick_sort(greater)];

Call quicksort recursively on the two sub-arrays (lower and greater) to break down the collection into single-element lists (hitting the base case), before combing them into one sorted list.

Here are all the steps (stack) depending on pivot we pick.

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