DEV Community

Bartlomiej Guminiak for EL Passion

Posted on

UITableView vs Managing business logic in MVVM

MVVM design architecture is getting increasingly popular in iOS development
and it is my favourite considering last months ❤️

Recently I've completed implementing relaxing dribbble shot of Ela Kumela 🧘‍♂️

Today, I would like to share with you details on how did I solve song management functionality in MVVM world. I hope you will find it useful and find inspiration in your beloved iOS development 🤠

Below you can see iPhone simulator recording from the music player

Player demo


As you can see there are two screen kinds:

  • picking
  • listening

and, in total, four different modes of the SongCell:

.picking(.unselected) .picking(.selected) .listening(.playable) .listening(.playing)
Preview Preview Preview Preview

Combinig them together we will build structure such below:

enum Picking: Equatable {
    case selected, unselected

enum Listening: Equatable {
    case playable, playing, hidden

enum SongMode: Equatable {
    case picking(Picking)
    case listening(Listening)

There is one additional mode of .listening(.hidden). In the listening mode all unselected cells get invisible.


In MVVM world every subview has its corresponding viewModel. In our case every SongCell has its SongViewModel. Take a look at its interface:

protocol SongViewModeling: class {
    var title: String { get }
    var subtitle: String { get }
    var time: String { get }
    var songMode: SongMode { get set } // 1
    var songModeHandler: SongModeHandling { get } //2

There are two interesting properties we should take closer look at:

1 - we will use that model for cell configuration

2 - SongModeHandling is an observer pattern protocol. When updating the songMode, songModeHandler should emit the current mode. We will use it for updating visible cell states. Remember to unsubscribe from it when reusing the cell ☝️

Binding viewModels with cells

The last part that left is binding songViewModels with its corresponding songCells. We will implement that logic in MeditationViewController as it already is a delegate and data source of tableView. Below there is a simplified MVVM architecture flow:

Simplified MVVM architecture flow

1 - MeditationViewController updates its MeditationViewModel about view life cycle and UI actions

2 - MeditationViewModel updates MeditationViewController with songViewModels

3 - MeditationViewController binds songViewModels with songCells

func configure(cell: SongViewCell, with viewModel: SongViewModeling) {
        cell.interactiveView.songView.titleLabel.text = viewModel.title
        cell.interactiveView.songView.subtitleLabel.text = viewModel.subtitle
        cell.interactiveView.songView.timeLabel.text = viewModel.time
        cell.update(mode: viewModel.songMode, animated: false)
        cell.disposable = viewModel.songModeHandler.addHandler(target: cell,
                                                               handler: SongViewCell.update)

4 - MeditationViewModel manages business logic. It listens to ActionViewModel events and delegates work to MusicPlayer

5 - MusicPlayer contains aggregate methods for altering modes of song ViewModels - stateless entity


In MVVM architecture we name both ViewControllers and Views as View and it should not have any business logic but only listens to its ViewModel orders. In our meditation example the View (MeditationViewController) is completely without business logic. It has only view logic such building subviews and configuring them with child viewModels (songViewModels)

This way all the business logic can be extracted to ViewModel (MeditationViewModel) and its helpers that make the code readable and divided into single responsibility entities:

For more details see meditaion-ios-demo

Enjoy! ❤️


Copyright © 2019 EL Passion

Top comments (0)