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HTML Introduction

HTML Introduction

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

What is HTML?

  1. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  2. HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages
  3. HTML describes the structure of a Web page
  4. HTML consists of a series of elements
  5. HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
  6. HTML elements label pieces of content such as "this is a heading", "this is a paragraph", "this is a link", etc.

A Simple HTML Document

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html> 


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Example Explained

  1. The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document
  2. The element is the root element of an HTML page
  3. The element contains meta information about the HTML page
  4. The element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser's title bar or in the page's tab)
  5. The element defines the document's body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
  6. The

    element defines a large heading

  7. The

    element defines a paragraph

What is an HTML Element?

An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag:
Content goes here...

The HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag:

My First Heading

My first paragraph.

Start tag Element content End tag

My First Heading

My first paragraph.


none none

Note: Some HTML elements have no content (like the
element). These elements are called empty elements. Empty elements do not have an end tag!

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