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You were using SharedPreferences the wrong way πŸ€”

Ghanim Khan
I am an android developer , currently developing some apps and recently I have started content writing too , App's which
・3 min read

Let's keep it easy and simple

Shared preferences

Shared preferences allow you to store small amounts of primitive data as key/value pairs in a file on the device

  • keep track of small bits of important
  • Store information without needing a storage permission

SharedPreferences easy explanation

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MainActivity Code

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    TextView sharedPref;
    Button buttonAdd;
    int count=0;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        SharedPreferences sp = getSharedPreferences("your_prefs", Activity.MODE_PRIVATE);
        count = sp.getInt("your_int_key", -1);


        sharedPref=findViewById(R.id.sharedPref);
        buttonAdd=findViewById(R.id.buttonAdd);
        sharedPref.setText(""+count);

        buttonAdd.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                count++;
                sharedPref.setText(""+count);

                SharedPreferences sp = getSharedPreferences("your_prefs", Activity.MODE_PRIVATE);
                SharedPreferences.Editor editor = sp.edit();
                editor.putInt("your_int_key", count);
                editor.commit();
            }
        });

    }
}
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Lets Upgrade to PreferenceUtil

you must be thinking why PreferenceUtil πŸ€” , let's see why should we use this.

1) Much cleaner and readable code.
2) Can access any variable from any class.

--> To get the value

PreferenceUtil.getInstance(MainActivity.this).getCountNum();

--> To set the value

PreferenceUtil.getInstance(MainActivity.this).SetCountNum(count);

3) Code is reduced.
4) Variables using shared preferences are in one place.
5) Fewer errors due to key naming.
6) Easy to use with ViewModel.
7) Very good for you to handle large projects.

I hope these advantages are good enough for you to migrate😎.

VIDEO CLICK LINK
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MainActivity Code

package com.androxus.prefranceutil;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.lifecycle.ViewModelProvider;


import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.SharedPreferences;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    TextView sharedPref;
    Button buttonAdd;
    int count=0;


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);


        sharedPref=findViewById(R.id.sharedPref);
        buttonAdd=findViewById(R.id.buttonAdd);


//        SharedPreferences sp = getSharedPreferences("your_prefs", Activity.MODE_PRIVATE);
//        count = sp.getInt("your_int_key", -1);
        count=PreferenceUtil.getInstance(MainActivity.this).getCountNum();


        sharedPref.setText(""+count);
        buttonAdd.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                count++;
                sharedPref.setText(""+count);
                PreferenceUtil.getInstance(MainActivity.this).SetCountNum(count);


//                SharedPreferences sp = getSharedPreferences("your_prefs", Activity.MODE_PRIVATE);
//                SharedPreferences.Editor editor = sp.edit();
//                editor.putInt("your_int_key", count);
//                editor.commit();
            }
        });

    }
}
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PreferenceUtil class code

package com.androxus.prefranceutil;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.SharedPreferences;
import android.preference.PreferenceManager;

public class PreferenceUtil {


    public static final String COUNT_VALUE = "count_value";
    public static final String COUNT_NUM = "count";
    private static com.androxus.prefranceutil.PreferenceUtil sInstance;
    private SharedPreferences mPref;
    private SharedPreferences.Editor mEditor;

    private PreferenceUtil(final Context context) {
        mPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(context);
    }
    public static com.androxus.prefranceutil.PreferenceUtil getInstance(final Context context) {
        if (sInstance == null)
            sInstance = new com.androxus.prefranceutil.PreferenceUtil(context.getApplicationContext());
        return sInstance;
    }

    public final int getCountNum() {
        return mPref.getInt(COUNT_NUM,0);
    }

    public final int getCount() {
        return mPref.getInt(COUNT_VALUE,0);
    }

    public void setCount(int count) {
        final SharedPreferences.Editor editor = mPref.edit();
        editor.putInt(COUNT_VALUE, count);
        editor.apply();
    }

    public void SetCountNum(int count) {
        final SharedPreferences.Editor editor = mPref.edit();
        editor.putInt(COUNT_NUM, count);
        editor.apply();
    }
}
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ENJOY HOPE YOU LIKE😁

If you have any suggestion please let me know on the details below.

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