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JS compiled language

The history teaches us that the compiler processes the code in three stages:


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As in the image above, in this phase, we convert our program into meaningful tokens.


Here we take a stream of tokens (array) and trasform it into an abstract syntax tree called AST that represent the grammatical structure of the program.
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Code Generation

Here JavaScript convert AST into a set of machine instruction.
Between parsing and code generation, JavaScript optimizes performance, execution and does also other cool stuff, all in a millisecond.
If you want take time to understand JavaScript engines look this awesome video from JS config Franziska Hinkelmann
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