DEV Community

hideckies
hideckies

Posted on • Updated on • Originally published at blog.hdks.org

Store NFT on IPFS Using NFT Storage

When we start a NFT project, we will implement the ERC721 token that is the core part of the NFT project.

The content of the NFT token is metadata that describes the the reference URL for the actual file.

For example, the following Json data:

// metadata.json
{
    "name": "The Cat",
    "description": "She is the cutest cat all over the world.",
    "image": "https://thecutestcat.com/cat-0001.png"
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Look the "image" value in this file. This is the reference for the picture of The Cat. In this cast, the image file is hosted on a off-chain storage like Firebase, AWS, etc...

But if you want to host it on a on-chain so that the image file is persistent, what do you do?

Perhaps you will use a decentralized storage system like IPFS.

In such a case, the above example would look like this:

// metadata.json
{
    "name": "The Cat",
    "description": "She is the cutest cat all over the world.",
    "image": "https://ipfs.io/ipfs/bafybdiaxrmvcf234hilgoxmapfjcdfseyluhb3uxohebrhx5xilchm2gtq"
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

The URL of the "image" value ("https://ipfs.io/ipfs/bafy...") is called a Content addressing. Please check the IPFS Docs.

There is an awesome tool that allows you to host your file on IPFS and gets the metadata URL starts from https://ipfs.io/ easily.

It's the NFT Storage.

NFT Storage

It is a new Free service that stores NFT data on IPFS and Filecoin.

In this post, we use the npm package named nft.storage in Javascript file.

The basic usage is introduced on the official top page, but you cannot freely edit the content of metadata using this method. So here I tell you how to edit the content of the metadata

But before that, login on the Official page and create your API Key that is used when you use the nft.storage package in javascript file.

1. Create a sample project

First of all, for example here, you will store a text file on IPFS.

Create a directory and initialize a node project.

mkdir store-nft
cd store-nft
npm init -y
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, install the npm package nft.storage.

npm install nft.storage
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

And then, create a sample.txt on your project root.

// sample.txt
This is a sample.
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

2. Store file and metadata

To be able to edit the metadata as you like, first store the actual data(like .txt, .jpg, .html, etc...) to get its URL, then put the URL in metadata value and finally store the metadata. Let's do it.

Create a script.js on your project root.

touch script.js
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

This is the entire code in script.js:

// script.js
const { NFTStorage, Blob } = require('nft.storage');
const fs = require('fs');

// (1)
const client = new NFTStorage({ token: "YOUR_API_KEY" });

async function main() {
    // (2)
    fs.readFile('sample.txt', "utf-8", async (err, data) => {
        if (err) throw err;

        const url = await store(data);
        console.log("Stored NFT successfully!\nMetadata URL: ", url);
    });
}

async function store(data) {
    // (3)
    const fileCid = await client.storeBlob(new Blob([data]));
    const fileUrl = "https://ipfs.io/ipfs/" + fileCid;

    // (4)
    const obj = {
        "name": "The Sample Text",
        "information": "This is a sample text file.",
        "creator": "Michelle Branagah",
        "file_url": fileUrl
    };

    // (5)
    const metadata = new Blob([JSON.stringify(obj)], { type: 'application/json' });
    const metadataCid = await client.storeBlob(metadata);
    const metadataUrl = "https://ipfs.io/ipfs/" + metadataCid;

    return metadataUrl;
}

main();
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

- Descriptions for the code -

(1) Create the client object of the NFT Storage using the API Key created earlier.
(2) Read sample.txt file you created.
(3) Store the file then you will get the CID(Content Identifiers). And create the IPFS URL by using it. client.storeBlob() function stores the file you specify and returns the file CID.
(4) Create metadata object. You can edit it freely. The value of "file_url" is the URL of sample.txt.
(5) Store metadata and create metadata URL.

3.Run the code

In project root, run the command:

node ./script.js
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

You should be able to get the metadata URL like the following:

Stored NFT successfully!
Metadata URL:  https://ipfs.io/ipfs/bafkreidk5ni7lbicn5a2y3jm2p6und5kkjgvpk5kwpnwvvtbwmt3r3uxgq
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Discussion (0)