Intro: I am a former accountant turned software engineer graduated from coding bootcamp in January 2022. Algorithms and Data Structure is an unavoidable part of interviews for most of the tech companies now. And one of my friends told me that you need to solve a medium leetcode problem under 60 seconds in order to get into the top tech companies.So I thought I'd start learning how to do it while job searching.
Since I have no clue on how to solve any of the problems (even the easy ones), I thought there is no point for me to waste hours and can't get it figured out. Here is my approach:
 Pick a leetcode problem randomly or Online Assessment from targeted companies.
 Study 12 solutions from Youtube or LeetCode discussion section. One brute force solution, another one more optimal.
 Write a blog post with detailed explanation and do a verbal walk through to help understand the solutions better.
 Code out the solution in LeetCode without looking at the solutions
 Combat the forgetting curve: Redo the question for the next three days. And come back regularly to revisit the problem.
Problem#423. Reconstruct Original Digits from English
Difficulty: Medium
Language: JavaScript
Given a string s
containing an outoforder English representation of digits 09
, return the digits in ascending order.
Example 1:
Input: s = "owoztneoer"
Output: "012"
Example 2:
Input: s = "fviefuro"
Output: "45"
Constraints:
1 <= s.length <= 105

s[i]
is one of the characters["e","g","f","i","h","o","n","s","r","u","t","w","v","x","z"]
. 
s
is guaranteed to be valid.
Solution with explaination:
The key to solve this problem: Numbers from 0 through 9 contains
their unique letters that distinguish themselves from other
numbers. For example, "z" can only belong to 0 and "w" can only
belong to 2. This rule applies to number 0,6,2,4,8, which each has
a unique letter among the total ten numbers. And the remaining
five numbers (7,5,3,1,9) have their unique letters among
themselves as well. "S" from 7, which you can't find from number
5,3,1 and 9. Same with "F" from 5, "H" from 3, "O" from 1, "I"
from 9. (write out the digit 0  9 on a piece of paper with
alphabetical letters next to it for a better
virtualization/followalong.)
var originalDigits = function(s) {
const arr = new Array(10).fill(0);
/*create an zero filled (note 4) array with 10 elements (note 3).
The index of the elements will represent numbers from 0 through 9
respectively.For example, the element at index 0 represents the
number 0.*/
for (const c of s) {
/*Iterate (note 5) through the string*/
if (c === 'z') arr[0]++
/*"z" is the unique letter from 0(zero). Once these unique letters
are found in the given string, store them at the corresponding
postion in the array above.** For example, if "z" is found,
increase the count of the element at position 0 (index 0) from 0
to 1. And if another "z" is found, increase that count from 1 to
2. Assume two "z" in a row is found at this step, we will have an
array of [2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]*/
else if (c === 'x') arr[6]++
/*if a "x" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 6.*/
else if (c === 'w') arr[2]++
/*if a "w" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 2.*/
else if (c === 'u') arr[4]++
/*if a "u" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 4.*/
else if (c === 'g') arr[8]++
/*if a "g" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 8.*/
else if (c === 's') arr[7]++ //6, 7 (Note these numbers)
/*if a "s" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 7.*/
else if (c === 'v') arr[5]++ //5, 7
/*if a "v" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 5.*/
else if (c === 'r') arr[3]++ //0, 3, 4
/*if a "r" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 3.*/
else if (c === 'o') arr[1]++ //0, 1, 2, 4
/*if a "o" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 1.*/
else if (c === 'i') arr[9]++ //5, 6, 8, 9
/*if a "i" is found, we will increase the count for the element at
position 9.*/
}
arr[7] = arr[6];
/*REMOVE the count to avoid duplication: if there is a "six" in
the given string after performing the code above, we will have a 6
from "x" and a 7 from "s." But we should only have a 6 not 7, so
we need to remove the count at index 7 by the count at index 6
with subtraction assignment(=) (note 1). To further explain this,
if five "x" that represents "6" are found, we will count 5 at
index 6 in the array; However, the "s" in these 5 "six" will
create 5 counts at index 7 as well since "s" represents 7. Hence,
we need to remove these 5 cound at index 7 for the count for 7 to
be correct.*/
arr[5] = arr[7];
/*same concerpt with line above*/
arr[3] = arr[0] + arr[4];
/*same concerpt with line above*/
arr[1] = arr[0] + arr[2] + arr[4];
/*same concerpt with line above*/
arr[9] = arr[5] + arr[6] + arr[8];
/*same concerpt with line above*/
let result = "";
/*Initial an empty string to store the result*/
for (let i = 0; i <= 9; i++) {
/*Loop (note 2) through the array "arr"*/
for (let j = 0; j < arr[i]; j++) {
result += i;
/* "arr[i]" will provide count for the specific index, for each j
that exists (note 6), add (note 7) the index to the string. For example, if the count for arr[6] is 8, that means there are 8 sixes. hence "66666666" will be added to the string. And this will be done for each element that represents number 09 in the array*/
}
}
return result;
};
Solution Submission detail as of 2/10/2022
(Data below could vary since there are new submissions daily)
 Runtime: Runtime: 116 ms
 Memory Usage: Memory Usage: 46.6 MB
References:
LeetCode Discussion: sgallivan
LeetCode Discussion:harveycao
Note 1: Subtraction assignment(=)
Note 2: For...Loop
Note 3: Declare and Initialize an Array in JavaScript
Note 4: Array.prototype.fill
Note 5: for...of Loop
Note 6: Nesting For Loops in JavaScript
Note 7: Addition assignment (+=)
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