It's Pi day (March 14) and one question you may be wondering is “how is Pi calculated?”
Measuring circles can give a rough estimate, but an infinite series is perhaps a better and more common way to do it. As described on Calculating Pi at MathCareers.org.uk, the Nilakantha Series works pretty well. Its formula looks like this:
Nilakantha Series: π = 3 + 4 / (2×3×4) − 4 / (4×5×6) + 4 / (6×7×8) − 4 / (8×9×10) + …
You ought to be able to figure out a pattern from that. And it’s a short leap to convert that to Xojo code. Here’s code that calculates Pi using the Nilakantha Series:
Dim even As Boolean = True Dim calc As Double Dim calcStart As Int64 Dim iterations As Integer While iterations < 1000 iterations = iterations + 1 calcStart = calcStart + 2 calc = 4.0 / (calcStart * (calcStart + 1) * (calcStart + 2)) If even Then Pi = Pi + calc Else Pi = Pi - calc End If even = Not even Wend
Here’s a completed project you can run in Xojo: CalcPi Project
The above code correctly calculated the first 9 digits of Pi almost immediately. Unfortunately, calculating more digits of Pi is not really practical using the standard double-precision floating point data type used in most programming languages.