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Ar Nazeh
Ar Nazeh

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Invisible Barriers That Prevent You From Learning Web Development and How to Break Through Them

The Great Filter of web development! and how to break through it?

The hidden cost of frustrating, demotivating web development MOOCs!

For years, I’ve tried studying web development through various online courses.
And every time I ended up frustrated and demotivated for months before
trying again! So I know the struggle and the ubiquitous

Then, I started building full responsive clones for great web-pages like:

Newsweek, and more in less
than 4 weeks!

**So what happened? **out of the necessity of having a coding
, I researched the state of CSS in 2019. It’s
then that I realized that MOOCs as great as they are, can be gatekeepers!

4+ fully responsive projects in 4 weeks

So in this article, I will discuss that and answer the following questions:

  1. WHY are discouraging MOOCs dangerous?
  2. HOW are MOOCs discouraging?
  3. WHAT can you do about it?


The world needs more software developers.

Even with programmers supply doubling every 5 years, demand is growing even

“Software is eating the world” — Marc Andreessen Co-founder of Netscape

Every industry is integrating Software development at every step. From hiring
management to supply chain to advertisement and sales, Software is essential.
Not mentioning design, optimization, and manufacturing of their products. It’s a
necessity to stay competitive.

You may argue that there are rather too many programmers instead, and only good
ones are scarce. so how would more non-CS graduates help solve that problem?

Well, I am well aware of the difference between a coder and a software
developer, and I strive to be the later.

I am not arguing that we don’t need improvement in quality. but quantity has
quality on its own and you can’t get more of the later without starting with
more of the former!

But don’t take my word for it, take it from those “Leaders and

And I hope that more financial
can help us
face dangerous

Front-end is the gate!

What does any of that have to do with CSS for example? It’s not even a
programming language! OK, it can

Rule 110 but come on, it’s a

Indeed Front-end development is more about “UX Engineering” as some
to name it. And it is
possible to have a career where you stay in that lane and never become a

Nonetheless, Front-end development is the most approachable for anyone with no
CS background. It’s also the most accessible market.

HTML & CSS will always be the first thing anyone tries once the idea of career
shift come through their minds. That also explains why JavaScript is the first
language most people learn!

And it is actually a good first step, it is visual rather than logical or
mathematical. You will often hear people joke about how bad at math they are,
but they take pride in their taste and style.

So it’s rather disappointing when they feel discouraged and repelled by a
style-sheet. And it is very easy to mistake Confusing with Complex.

In most cases all around the world career shift is hard and risky. getting a job
or starting making money through freelance can be crucial. Deterring someone at
this early stage can mean the end of their Tech pursuit.


Remember: Reddit is only an Alt-Tab away! -Quincy Larson

While preparing to write this article, I watched a
talk by Quincy
Larson. In it, he talked about the fight for readers attention while writing a
technical article. But it also applies for self-learn platforms as well.

Readers are looking for an excuse to close your article! -Quincy Larson

Yes, self-teaching coders, should have more grit and discipline. But still,
career shift is scary, and their defense systems are looking for reasons to give
up. So it baffles me how FreeCodeCamp curriculum looks like :

Not Even the full list!

Days and days of learning small snippets of very basic HTML and CSS! And for
some reason, you still didn’t learn about any recent development like Flexbox or
CSS-grid! Not mentioning that you have nothing to show for it, to ease your

Here you can notice several tendencies:

  • Mistaking old as fundamental, and new as advance!

I can’t see an upside in delaying learning Flexbox and CSS-Grid **and -as
far as I can remember- even **Box-sizing

Why force students to struggle through outdated tools? Praying day in and day
out that everything will make sense somehow!

I would say the same about dismissing pre-compilers as a tool for advanced
users. In fact, it has a very shallow learning curve and can only make the
student feel smarter and more in control. Sass Flow
is also a very
welcome boost to student’s confidence.

  • Under-appreciating the importance of early achievements!

The longer a student spends going through infinite baby-steps, the worse.
Building real-world projects boost their confidence, enhances learning, and
cements concepts.

There are only so many abstract concepts you can force your brain to memorize
before it repels. Jumping into coding and researching on a need to know basis,
is more efficient in the long run

Those projects have to be real websites.** Students need to build something they
can take pride in**, and show off.


Enough with the rant, off to a more practical note, here is a simple guide to
what worked for me:


This guide aims to be an alternative approach for learning Responsive web
design. One that takes the student’s urgent need for a sense of progression into


- Learn on a need to know basis.

  • Project-based learning helps you to know what you don’t know, and why you need to know it.
  • As counter-intuitive as it sounds: Resist the temptation to learn more tricks. Master the few you got until you have to learn new ones to get the job done.

- Maintain the Flow

Your momentum is a priority, be vigilant to the time you spend on a task, and
omit anything that slows you down.

  • Skim read when you need to learn a new tool or review a resource. Learn to spot the keywords and reach for conclusions. Take note of the resource and review it later if you need an in-depth study.
  • Write faster. Learning to write faster with the least mistakes is invaluable, take time to improve that. it allows you to try things faster, and push through your chocking points.
  • Customize and automate As you go, notice all the repetitive tasks and see if there is a way to save time on it. search for cheatsheets, hotkeys, custom settings, or automation opportunities.

- Always Cheat!

Win if you can lose if you must but always cheat!* -Jesse Ventura*

Good engineers are lazy. Cut corners to achieve much more than you could on your
own, as long as it’s outside the scope of what you are trying to learn.

  • *Clone pretty websites! * I chose to clone Behance because I know it already looks great on its own.
  • Use great art to populate your clones.In my Youtube Clone, I used Kurzgesagt’s videos because of their amazing visuals.
  • Don’t write Content. For content-heavy webpage, copy all content elements to your HTML file. You can then use RegExp to improve the semantics and apply your own classes.
  • Go the extra steps with ready code snippets. It was not possible to replicate every behavior of Newsweek without JS. I wasn’t trying to learn JS at that point so I excused my self to copy code from Stackoverflow and change it for my needs.

- Pixel Perfect

Yes, you can cheat and cut corners and still be a perfectionist.
The goal is
to make an exact replica, indistinguishable from the original.
Your job is
to make a vertical slice of a full website, so responsiveness is not optional.

Getting started

I recommend VScode as your text editor and any
Chromium browser for best developer tools.

Then you will need to install a few extensions for VScode to make your life

  • Beautify will help you format your HTML, CSS, Sass and JS files.
  • Stylelint will help you write better CSS.
  • Live server will enable you to examine your changes whenever you save it.
  • Live Sass Compiler will recompile your Sass files to CSS whenever you save as sass file.

You can also install the Web Development Essentials Extension

But I would rather install extensions as the need arise, but take a look

Start Building

Once you choose a webpage to clone, then this general process should be a good

  • Set up your project directory.Set-up
    , and organize your Folder


  • Start your index.html.Start writing ‘doc’ and VScode should suggest the


As you can see Emmet
are super useful
and you should learn more about it.
Now link your stylesheet, add your title
and icon:

<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">


Start using Live server and Sass Live compiler to examine changes going forward.

  • Inspect and analyze Toggle Device Toolbar in the original page to inspect its layout in the mobile version. Mobile-first approach means fewer positioning needed at first, and incremental changes later. You might need to show media queries as well. Analyze the structure of the page. Schematic diagram would help as well.

  • Build the Layout with HTML5 semantic.Start laying out the general structure using HTML5 elements.

  • Start populating elements. For this stage, CSS Flexbox** **should be all you need. It will be most handy for justifying and aligning each element’s content.
  • Expand and position.Start expanding the width of your page, and set up a new
    media query for each
    breaking point. You will also need to have more control over your layout so
    start using
    CSS-Grid. Also,
    check out this

    @media only screen and (min-width: 576px) {

  • Start populating content.Copy Images, paragraphs and other content from the
    original HTML.
    Use VScode’s RegExp in the find and

    to improve the semantics and apply your own classes to the copied HTML.
    might seem complicated but it is a powerful tool to avoid entering tens of
    You can experiment with it and see the example below

    \n((.+\n)+)<\/div> \n$1
  • Kill the snakes Congratulations, you opened Pandora’s box. many problems
    will be evident at once.
    Don’t panic, this is the plan all along, to
    discover what you need to learn, now start searching for answers. one problem at
    a time.
    You already noticed that CSS Tricks will
    be your best friend.

  • Rense and repeat until you have a perfect page!


    Front-end development is and will stay for a long time every newbie’s first
    contact with IT. and it’s currently a gatekeeper rather than an enabler. I can’t
    guarantee that the guide I offered will work for everyone. but it is worth
    trying If you tried once and failed. Jump into it, no hello world anymore, find
    a page that looks great and clone it.

    Let me know what do you think!

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