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JavaScript 101: data types

nduduzo__ profile image N D U D U Z O Originally published at dvspc.wordpress.com on ・3 min read

In Javascript (or any programming language), a data type is the type of value a variable holds, like a number or a string for example. There are generally seven data types in Javascript and I’ll “generally” explain all of them here, I must mention though, this will not be a tutorial on data types so if you want an in-depth definition of each data type with examples I recommend you check out javascript.info.

  • String
  • Number
  • Boolean
  • Object
  • Array
  • Null
  • Undefined

The String: a string is surrounded/enclosed in quotes, there are three types of quotes used in Javascript.

const strng = 'this is a string'; //single quotes
const strng = "this is a string"; //double quotes
const strng = `this is a string`; //backticks

Javascript treats all the values above the same – they are all strings.

The Number : the number data type is pretty self-explanatory, its a number. Any value that is a number is a number data type, its important that the value is NOT ENCLOSED IN QUOTES for Javascript to recognize it as a number data type otherwise it will be treated as a string.

const numb = 25; //this is a number data type
const num = "25" //not a number

The Boolean: booleans are logical types – they are values that can only be in one of two conditions: true or false. There’s massive use for this data type because just like you and I, applications need to make decisions based on given conditions.

const isAwake = true;
const isAsleep = false;

Again, its important that a boolean is not enclosed in quotes otherwise Javascript treats it as a string.

The Object: all other types are called “primitive” because their values can contain only a single thing (be it a string or a number or whatever). In contrast, objects are used to store collections of data and more complex entities, so objects kinda get special treatment.

const person = {
   name: "Allison",
   profession: "AI researcher",
   age: 29,
   isMale: false;
   isFemale: true;
   hobbies: ["photography", "piano", "filmmaking", "reading"]
}

Above is a simple Object containing different data types defining a person , this could be a user on your website or something…

The Array: when you want to store lists or a list of data, normally you’d use an Array. With Arrays you can manipulate the data inside, manually and automatically.

const arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]; //an array of numbers
const arr = ["milk", "cereal", "eggs"]; //an array of strings
const arr = ["coffee", 12, "muffins", 45, 88]; //an array of number and string data types

Similar to Objects, Arrays can contain multiple data types.

The Null: null means nothing, its a value, a value of nothing (the way I like to think of null is that it represents the value of nothingness).

const msg = null; //msg represents nothingness

Again, its important that null is not enclosed in quotes otherwise Javascript treats it as a string.

The Undefined: this one is kinda tricky, usually Javascript will return undefined if you’re trying to output something that hasn’t been defined. But Undefined itself is a data type in Javascript. You can assign Undefined to a variable (for whatever reason) and it will return undefined always, unless updated.

const msg = undefined;

I hope I “generalized” these well enough without this blog being too long.

Alright cool

Posted on Jun 30 by:

nduduzo__ profile

N D U D U Z O

@nduduzo__

I'm a "code newbie" and I'm learning front-end development

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