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I always find it weird that the terms "Full stack developer", "Front-end developer", and "Back-end developer" even exist. I've been a "web developer" for around 20 years and have always done a bit of everything as that's what the job entailed (and had been programming long before that since the age of 7). I've never found any of it 'hard'.
If you're a competent developer, you should be able to apply your skills across the board. A fuller understanding of how everything works greatly benefits the implementation of all websites.
I guess it's possible that these roles have appeared due to the explosion of (frequently unnecessary) tooling that has sprung up in most (if not all) areas of development. There are so many tools to learn, that being able to do 'everything' probably seems like a daunting goal.
Most new developers I see these days know how to use a bunch of modern tools/frameworks, but if asked to produce a site from scratch without any of these (including setting up servers, deployment, designing the database structure, writing the back end, writing the front end HTML, CSS, JS), they would be totally lost. Most modern tooling seeks to make things 'easier' for developers - largely at the expense of a lack of understanding of how things work, a lack of consideration for efficiency, and a tendency to use sledgehammers to crack nuts.
Thank you for sharing such an interesting point. I agree to everything you said. Nothing is sexier than having a good grasp on foundational knowledge. It's also true that these days this foundational knowledge is being abstracted from the developers. Maybe we will see a manifestation of this thought 20 years from now.
Personally, I like to keep things synchronized, as I like to develop Front-End and Back-End together. I do not have the attention of developing the front-end first and then the back-end. I work on the basics of the features as after completing one feature, both front-end and back-end I like to move forward for a new features.
I actually meant that in your learning journey, you should learn frontend dev before backend dev. This usually works for most people. But of course, this is not 'one size fits all'.
Oh Nice, so it was from the learning prospective.
I don't know CI/CD, DevOps and NoSQL. I suppose a web developer can't know everything there is to know lol
Of course expert level of knowledge is not expected. But certainly, a dev should know about CI/CD and definitely NoSQL.
I don't think NoSQL is a mandatory knowledge, it's more important to know SQL because NoSQL doesn't encompasses most usual use cases.
To people who ask themselves the question: Of course it is good to have a broad understanding of how things in your related fields work, but nowadays companies are looking for specialists. If you aspire to be a "full stack developer" then you'll inevitably will be seen as a master of none. Don't become a unicorn and don't let companies or blogposts tell you that you are not good enough with your specific knowledge.
TLDR: Don't try to be a full stack developer.
I think the problem is, that the term "Full Stack Developer" is very overloaded these days. I rather rely to the T-shaped skill profile model. Having a broad knowledge in many fields combined with strong mental models how things basically work and having really deep knowledge and years of experience in one specific field.
Awesome post, thank you, I already saved in my bookmarks, other point to be considered software quality through testing (acceptance, unit, white box, end2end test) the most important to mention, and git & scrum all of these items are used in both sides
I agree in my opinion the knowledge on building robust, high quality software is very rare. Probably this is also a problem of the culture many dev blogs spread. They build simple examples that convey everything is easy and fast to build. But as soon as it comes to larger applications this often leads to a problem.
There, building good abstractions and testing on different levels of these abstractions becomes fundamental.
One thing I read in another article on carer building advice that resonated with me:
Build strong mental models.
Looking under the hood, sometime getting a step back and thinking of the bigger picture around. Looking back at my learning, this meant for example:
Looking on the bigger picture and thinking about which fundamental patterns the specific library/framework implements often helps switching fast from one technology to another.
Nice article overall! As you mentioned in some comments of course there's no "one-size-fits-all" answer to everything but this is a good kickstart!
I think the "fullstack" approach should be taken more as a "knowledge path" to you, the developer, and not some random job title. Companies will always want people to do more with less.
Thanks Niharika for such quick insights on what to care about when you are a Full Stack Developer.
One thing I would like to request you that if you can share your notion strategy in a blog or share a link. It will be a great help.
I've been developing on the Microsoft stack for 20 years now. I'm launching an app I've been working on for nearly 2 years now, built on ASP.NET Core & SQL Server and runs on Amazon AWS Fargate (in Docker containers) & RDS (SQL Server 2019). I learned how to build Cloud Formation JSON files and deploy my cloud infrastructure in any region within 10 minutes (public/private subnets, load balancer, NATs, VPC Endpoints & PrivateLink, Fargate tasks, security groups, RDS database, the whole nine). I use a simple batch command to build & deploy (CI/CD) my ASP.NET Core project which uses Docker Desktop for Windows & Amazon AWS CLI to do the heavy lifting. When I deploy, there is no downtime for my app since Fargate keeps the existing Docker container running until the new containers are provisioned and running. Visual Studio will update my live database schema when I publish the SQL Project to the remote server. My app auto-scales because of Fargate & RDS. I love being a full-stack developer.
I thought this was going to have a little more meat on the bones, a little thin.
well, sorry for that! 🙈 i am myself a beginner/intermediate dev. so i share whatever i learn. :)
I am sooo sorry. I should not have been so critical.
Welcome to Dev.to.
I think (besides me :( ) everyone here is friendly.
Keep going and keep writing.
If I can help you in some way please let me know.
I cannot say I will help but I will TRY. ;))
I had a Professor claimed the best way to learn things is "Through your arm!"
What he meant was writing and practice is the best teacher.
The full stack is a term but in essence knowledge is the power, I believe. This article gives beginners an abstraction of relevant tools & technologies.
hey, i am new to programming ! had exactly these things in mind. Could you share the resources how to get started with these giving examples for each point? cause i am a bit confused.
Don't forget about mobile apps! iOS and Android devices are a huge part of "the stack", sometimes much more so than frontend web for many places.
It's very useful content for me.
What does it mean to ‘truly love computer science’? Gate keeping much? 🙄
really good article
Great post as always. 'cloud virgin' 🤣
Nah screw that, all you need is an ergonomic wireless keyboard and a browser with 10 stack overflow tabs
that's how pros do it
I'd also throw Accessibility (A11Y) in as being a mandatory skill.
Needn't become an expert, but accessible principles should be part of the dev process.
This would be a really helpful add on. Thanks for sharing!
Thank you for this. This is a pretty comprehensive list and a good reminder.
5 is super important even jobs that list NoSQL require you to have an understanding of SQL as well I have noticed. I am only missing Docker from this list I guess 😅
I recently decided to commit to being a Fullstack developer and I agree with your tips here (with my own personal spin on them of course).
Thanks for sharing! Honestly, the devops part is why I am thinking on focusing more in the design, and ui/ux development hahahah 😆
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