Whether it is Data Structures or Algorithms first, it is still the same.
We would look briefly at:
- Variables and expressions
Variables and expressions
Variables are of the form,
var_name = value. There is no semicolon.
These are some examples:
>> name = "daniel" >> age = 34 >> height = 6.6 >> numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] >>
An expression will result to a value or "return" a value.
>> 2 + 3 >> >> import datetime >> >> currentYear = datetime.datetime.now().year >> age = 34 >> yob = currentYear() - age >> >> # some operators >> # +, -, /, *, **, % >> # >, <, ==, <=, >=, != >>
This is how we would create a function in python:
def func_name([parameters]): # func_body
A function that prints 3 to the screen:
def print_number(): print(3) print_number() # 3
A function that returns 3
def returnNumber(): return 3 res = returnNumber() print(res) # 3
A function a takes with a parameter
a. We add 2 to
a and return the results:
def addTwo(a): b = a + 2 return b res = addTwo(3) print(res) # 5
if statement is of the form:
if condition: # if-body
The body/block of the
if statement is executed when the condition evaluates to
age = 20 res = age > 18 if res: print(age) # prints 20 because age, 20, is greater than 18
We can add an
else part to the
if statement. This is the part of the code that is executed when the condition evaluates to
if condition: # if-body else: # else-body
This is an if-else statement:
age = 12 res = age > 18 if res: print(age) else: print("sorry, age must be above 18") # prints, sorry, age must be above 18, since age is less than 18
We can use the
or to compound logical expressions.
or are known as logical operators.
age = int(input("Enter age: ")) if age > 18 and age % 2 == 0: print("Age is greater than 18 and it is even") else: print("age must be greater than 18 and it is even")
We can also nest the if-else statements
age = int(input("Enter age: ")) if age > 18: if age % 2 == 0: print("Age is greater than 18 and it is even") else: print("Age must be even") else: print("age must be greater than 18")
This is known as looping. We for loop and while-loop in python
This is a for-loop that prints numbers from 0 to 5 (exclusive).
# for i in range(5): # for i in range(0, 5): for i in range(0, 5, 2): print(i)
We can print the content of a list using a for-loop
numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] for i in numbers: print(i)
Loops are index-based and we can pass the size of the list as an argument to the range function to determine where the loop ends.
for i in range(len(numbers)): print(numbers[i])
We can also nest for loops:
numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] for i in numbers: for j in numbers: print(i * j)
This is how we write for loops in python:
while condition: # while-body
Let print from 0 to 5 inclusive
start = 0 end = 5 step = 1 # this is same as the above # start, end, step = 0, 5, 1 while start <= end: print(start) start = start + step # start += step
We can use a while loop to loop through a list
numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] i = 0 while i < len(numbers): print(numbers[i]) # i+= 1 i = i + 1
We can nest while loops too
i = 0 while i < 5: j = 0 while j < i+1: print(i*j) j += 1 i += 1
So, what is next?
So what is next? A series on
Algorithms and Data structures in Python. It is more or less
Introduction to data structures and algorithm 1. We would be using python. This means we can use another language. Stay tuned as they say. Seriously stay tuned.
Top comments (1)
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