RSocket is a binary protocol for use on byte stream transports such as TCP, WebSockets, and Aeron.
It enables the following symmetric interaction models via async message passing over a single connection:
- request/response (stream of 1)
- request/stream (finite stream of many)
- fire-and-forget (no response)
- event subscription (infinite stream of many)
It supports session resumption, to allow resuming long-lived streams across different transport connections. This is particularly useful for mobile⬄server communication when network connections drop, switch, and reconnect frequently.
In our tutorial, we will implement RSocket using the Java programming language.
Although I could simply implement RSocket with a simple Java application, I chose Springboot because it's a huge project on the JVM languages ecosystem. Springboot doesn't have a stable version for RSocket yet, but that shouldn't stop us experimenting with it.
Our project will consist of two sub-projects. The Consumer, who will do the requests and the Producer, who will provide the Consumer with data.
If you want to easily get started with a Springboot project I recommend always using the Spring Initializr.
First of all we have to configure our build.gradle and include the rsocket-starter-dependency from Springboot:
For the Consumer we should include also the reactive-web-starter dependency, because we want to somehow display the data that we receive from the Producer.
Now let's get our hands dirty and write some code 😉.
First we have to configure in which port will our Producer receive new connections:
spring.rsocket.server.port=7000 configures the RSocket to start listening on port 7000 and the
spring.main.lazy-initialization=true is to make sure that Springboot will initialize its beans lazily.
Now, here, we configure the RSocket client, by creating two Beans of type RSocket and RSocketRequester. The RSocket bean is used to create the connection to the Producer. The RSocketRequester bean is like our
WebClient (if we are using Reactive) or the
RestTemplate (if we are using MVC), he will do the requests to Producer.
The Actual Code
Our two applications (the Producer and the Consumer) will use the following domain objects for their communication:
Let's start with an easy example, a simple Request with a single Response.
If you ever used WebSockets with Springboot the
@MessageMapping annotation should be familiar.
Here, with the
@MessageMapping("greet") we specify the route "greet", which receives a
GreetingsRequest and returns a single object
GreetingsResponse as a response.
Here we see a simple
@RestController which injects the
RSocketRequester (the one we configured earlier) and uses him to do the Request. As you see, we tell the
requester to do a Request to the "greet" route (which we configured earlier in the Producer).
Communication with Stream
Delivering a stream of data with RSocket comes natural and with not that much of an effort.
As you see in the gist above, we configured our
@MessageMapping as before, but now we return a Flux (don't know what Mono and Flux are? Check this StackOverflow post).
We also use the
.delayElements() method to simulate a delay between our responses.
Not much have changed from our other request to the Producer, clearly the
.route("greet-stream"). But if you see carefully, now our
@GetMapping produces a
text/event-stream and not the default
Let's check the result!
So, that was it! I hope I gave you a clear explanation on how to use the new RSocket protocol!
You can find the project here:
This project aims to give an idea on how to work with the RSocket protocol with the Springboot framework.
For more, check my getting started guide here: https://dev.to/petros0/getting-started-with-rsocket-in-springboot-5889.
Thanks for reading and have fun!
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