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While it does have some educational value to show that this is possible, this method has two issues:

  • Both a = a + b and a = a - b can cause an overflow.

  • I can't imagine many situations where saving a few bytes really makes up for the loss in readability.


It also works with XOR (avoiding the overflow problem):

a = a ^ b
b = a ^ b
a = a ^ b

Agreed, this is definitely the way to do it.


reduced to one line:

a ^= b ^= a ^= b;