TLDR; MLflow Model Registry allows you to keep track of different Machine Learning models and their versions, as well as tracking their changes, stages and artifacts. Companion Github Repo for this post
In our last post, we discussed the importance of tracking Machine Learning experiments, metrics and parameters. We also showed how easy it is to get started in these topics by leveraging the power of MLflow (for those who are not aware, MLflow is currently the de-facto standard platform for machine learning experiment and model management).
In particular, Databricks makes it even easier to leverage MLflow, since it provides you with a completely managed version of the platform.
This means you don’t need to worry about the underlying infrastructure to run MLflow, and it is completely integrated with other Machine Learning features from Databricks Workspaces, such as Feature Store, AutoML and many others.
Coming back to our experiment and model management discussion, although we covered the experiment part in the last post, we still haven’t discussed how to manage the models that we obtain as part of running our experiments. This is where MLflow Model Registry comes in.
As the processes to create, manage and deploy machine learning models evolve, organizations need to have a central platform that allows different personas such as data scientists and machine learning engineers to collaborate, share code, artifacts and control the stages of machine learning models. Breaking this down in terms of functional requirements, we are talking about the following desired capabilities:
- discovering models, visualizing experiment runs and the code associated with models
- transitioning models across different deployment stages, such as Staging, Production and Archived
- deploying different versions of a registered model in different stages, offering Machine Learning engineers and MLOps engineers the ability to deploy and conduct testing of different model versions (for instance, A/B testing, Multi-Armed Bandits etc)
- archiving older models for traceability and compliance purposes
- enriching model metadata with textual descriptions and tags
- managing authorization and governance for model transitions and modifications with access control lists (ACLs)
Now to the practical part. We will run some code to train a model and showcase MLflow Model Registry capabilities. Hereby we present two possible options for running the notebooks from this quickstarter: you can choose to run them on Jupyter Notebooks with a local MLflow instance, or in a Databricks workspace.
If you want to run these examples using Jupyter Notebooks, please follow these steps:
- Clone this Github repo to your local machine
- Make sure you are running Python 3.8.7 (quick hint: you can run multiple Python versions on a single machine by installing pyenv)
- Once you have a working Python 3.8.7 installation, create a virtual environment by running python -m venv .venv
- Configure your virtual environment by running make env. Alternatively, you can do it manually by running the following from the terminal:
export SYSTEM_VERSION_COMPAT=1 && \ source .venv/bin/activate && \ pip install --upgrade pip && \ pip install wheel && \ pip install -r requirements.txt && \ pre-commit install
- Run the first notebook jupyter/01_train_model.ipynb. This will create an experiment and multiple runs with different hyperparameters for a diabetes prediction model.
- Run the second notebook jupyter/02_register_model.ipynb. By doing so, we will register our model artifact into MLflow model registry. We will also do some basic sanity checks in order to confirm that our model can be promoted to Staging.
- For this example we are running a simple, local instance of MLflow with a SQLite backend — which is good enough for a toy example, but not recommended for a test or production setup. It is also possible to run MLflow locally or remotely as a standalone web application, and also with a Postgresql backend. For more details on how to achieve this, please refer to the different scenarios presented in this link.
- Running the same code with Databricks Managed MLflow is even simpler, since the environment is already configured when you use an LTS ML cluster. Please make sure that you have such a cluster available, and then clone the repo into your workspace. For more details on Databricks integration with repos, please refer to this article.
- Run the first notebook
- Run the second notebook
- Bonus: if you run these notebooks on a Databricks Workspace, you will be able to visualize the different runs associated with your experiment:
Looking at the screenshot above, you might notice that on the first row of our table, in the models column, we have an icon which differs from the other rows. This is due to the fact that the model artifact for that specific run was registered as a model, and a new model version was created (version 1).
If we click on its link, we get redirected to the following window.
On the window above, we have an overview of the model version that was registered. We can see that it has the tag prediction_works = true. We can also see that it is in Staging. Depending on which persona is accessing this data, it might be possible to manually change the stage (to promote the model to Production, for instance), or reverting it back to None.
Moreover, with Workspace Object Access Control Lists, you could limit the permissions for each type of user. Let’s say that you wish to block data scientists from transitioning model stages, while you want to allow team manager to do so. In such scenario, Data Scientists would have to request transitions to a given stage.
These transitions would then need to be approved by someone with the right permissions. Finally, all of the requests and model stage transitions are tracked in the same window (and of course, they are also available programatically).
Once a model has been transitioned to Production, it is quite simple to deploy it either as an automated job or as a Real time REST API Endpoint. But that is the topic for another post.
All the code used in this post is available in this Github Repo.