DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for Database Basics

Database Basics

saoud profile image Saoud ・3 min read

Database Schema and Relationship Types

Terminology


  • Database schema: The structure that represents the way the database is built. It defines how data is stored in the database tables and how the relations among tables are associated.
  • One-to-one Relationship: Two tables have a one-to-one relationship when a row on one table is related to only one row on the other table.
  • One-to-many relationship: Two tables share a one-to-many relationship when a single row on one table can be related to many rows on another table.
  • Many-to-many relationship: Two tables share a many-to-many relationship when each row on each table can have many rows on the other table. This relationship requires use of a join table.
  • Join table: Used to manage all possible relationships in a many-to-many relationship, a join table contains individual entries.

Configuration for Entity Framework Core

ToDoList.csproj

<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk.Web">
  <PropertyGroup>
    <TargetFramework>net5.0</TargetFramework>
  </PropertyGroup>
  <ItemGroup>
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore" Version="5.0.0" />
    <PackageReference Include="Pomelo.EntityFrameworkCore.MySql" Version="5.0.0-alpha.2" />
  </ItemGroup>
</Project>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

appsettings.json

{
    "ConnectionStrings": {
        "DefaultConnection": "Server=localhost;Port=3306;database=to_do_list;uid=root;pwd=[YOUR-PASSWORD-HERE];"
    }
}

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Make sure your appsettings.json file is in your .gitignore!

Startup.cs


using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using ToDoList.Models;

namespace ToDoList
{
  public class Startup
  {
    public Startup(IWebHostEnvironment env)
    {
      var builder = new ConfigurationBuilder()
          .SetBasePath(env.ContentRootPath)
              .AddJsonFile("appsettings.json");
      Configuration = builder.Build();
    }

    public IConfigurationRoot Configuration { get; set; }

    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
      services.AddMvc();

      services.AddEntityFrameworkMySql()
        .AddDbContext<ToDoListContext>(options => options
        .UseMySql(Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"], ServerVersion.AutoDetect(Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"])));
    }

    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
    {
      app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
      app.UseRouting();

      app.UseEndpoints(routes =>
      {
        routes.MapControllerRoute("default", "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");
      });

      app.UseStaticFiles();

      app.Run(async (context) =>
      {
        await context.Response.WriteAsync("Hello World!");
      });
    }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Program.cs

using System.IO;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;

namespace ToDoList
{
  public class Program
  {
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
      var host = new WebHostBuilder()
        .UseKestrel()
        .UseContentRoot(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory())
        .UseIISIntegration()
        .UseStartup<Startup>()
        .Build();

      host.Run();
    }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Models/ToDoListContext.cs

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

namespace ToDoList.Models
{
  public class ToDoListContext : DbContext
  {
    public DbSet<Item> Items { get; set; }

    public ToDoListContext(DbContextOptions options) : base(options) { }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

EF Core with an Existing Database

Models/Item.cs

namespace ToDoList.Models
{
  public class Item
  {
    public int ItemId { get; set; }
    public string Description { get; set; }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Controllers/ItemsController.cs

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using ToDoList.Models;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

namespace ToDoList.Controllers
{
  public class ItemsController : Controller
  {
    private readonly ToDoListContext _db;

    public ItemsController(ToDoListContext db)
    {
      _db = db;
    }

    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      List<Item> model = _db.Items.ToList();
      return View(model);
    }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Controllers/HomeController.cs

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace ToDoList.Controllers
{
  public class HomeController : Controller
  {
    [HttpGet("/")]
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      return View();
    }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Views/Items/Index.cshtml

@{
  Layout = "_Layout";
}

@using ToDoList.Models;

<h1>Items</h1>

@if (@Model.Count == 0)
{
  <h3>No items have been added yet!</h3>
}

@foreach (Item item in Model)
{
  <li>@item.Description</li>
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Create and Read with EF Core

Controllers/ItemsController.cs

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using ToDoList.Models;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

namespace ToDoList.Controllers
{
  public class ItemsController : Controller
  {
    private readonly ToDoListContext _db;

    public ItemsController(ToDoListContext db)
    {
      _db = db;
    }

    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      List<Item> model = _db.Items.ToList();
      return View(model);
    }

    public ActionResult Create()
    {
      return View();
    }

    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Create(Item item)
    {
      _db.Items.Add(item);
      _db.SaveChanges();
      return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Discussion (0)

Forem Open with the Forem app