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SASS - Getting Started

sarah_chima profile image Sarah Chima Updated on ・3 min read

Have you ever wondered what SASS is? Or maybe you know what it is but have not really taken time to learn and use it? Or you might just want to remind yourself of what you already know. In any case, this article is for you.

What's SASS?

SASS is a CSS preprocessor. It is an extension of CSS that adds power and elegance to CSS. It allows you to use variables, nested rules, mixins, inline imports, and other cool kinds of stuff, all with a fully CSS-compatible syntax. All these help to reduce repetition with CSS and saves time. It helps to keep large stylesheets well-organized and maintainable.

SASS and SCSS - what's the difference?
Sass is basically an older version of SCSS. Its syntax is quite different from conventional CSS and was not quite accepted by many people. For instance, it used indentation instead of braces and didn't require semi-colons. In its version 3, Sass changed its main syntax to .scss. SCSS is a superset of CSS and is basically written the exact same as SCSS. So we can write SCSS like CSS and still get the best of Sass features.
You can still make use of the Sass syntax but in this and subsequent articles, we will be using SCSS.

Using SASS
For you to start using Sass, you need to set it up for your project. There are several ways this can be done but these are two options:

  1. Install using Ruby as can be seen on SASS website.
  2. Install node-sass. Install node, if you've not done so on your local machine. Then cd into the project you want to use sass and run:
    npm install node-sass

Compiling SASS
Since Sass is an extension of CSS, it has to be compiled into pure CSS for your browser to understand it. After installation, the basic way to do this is by running the following code in your command prompt.

    sass input.scss output.css

Where input.scss is the input file and output.css is where you want the sass file to be compiled to, the destination file. Both of these files can be renamed to whatever you want and if they will be in different folders, you need to specify the path.

If you followed any of the installation processes, here's a quick way to test what we installed. Create a file named test.scss in your project where you installed Sass. To that file add the code below. Don't worry if you don't understand the code, just use it as a test. You'll understand it soon.

    $primaryColor : blue;

    .test {
        color : $primaryColor;
    }

Then on your command prompt run

    sass test.scss output.css

This will create two files, output.css and output.css.map. In the output.css you should see this:

    .test {
        color: blue; }

If you've seen that, congrats, you have Sass all set up.

Do you have run that line of code everytime you write new sass? Only if you want to. You can watch the files instead

   sass --watch input.scss:output.css

What this does is to automatically compile every sass you write in input.scss to output.css whenever any change is made. You can watch a directory too.

    sass --watch app/sass:public/css

This is the first of a series of articles I've written on SASS. Here are links to other articles on Sass by me:

Variables
Nesting
Partials
Import
Mixins
Inheritance
Operators
Control Directives

Got any question or addition? Leave a comment.

Thanks for reading. :)

Discussion

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thebouv profile image
Anthony Bouvier

Hmm. This article just seems abruptly short. :(

I look forward to seeing more, for sure, so I can share with devs I know I'm trying to push to SASS. I do like what you've written so far.

But yeah, this was just not enough even for a taste. Feel like I'll have to wait for 4 or 5 articles at this rate to get even a basic look.

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sarah_chima profile image
Sarah Chima Author

Hi Anthony. Thank you for reading. I try to break down topics into bits so that I can discuss them in details. I write almost everyday, so you won't have to wait for so long. :)

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thebouv profile image
Anthony Bouvier

Sounds great. Looking forward to it.

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menezy profile image
Bright Mene Sunday

Nice one, Sarah. You got me at the edge of my seat.

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Sarah Chima Author

I'm glad you like it. :)

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Francis Sunday

Wow, nice intro to SASS, I'm definitely following this series. 😊😊

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Sarah Chima Author

Thank you Francis..

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Changing Lives

Nice work Sarah