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Understanding Vue by building a country directory app Part 1

saucekode profile image Amaka Mbah Updated on ・4 min read

Hello everyone. This is my very first article on VueJs. I've been learning Vue for a while now and honestly it has been a bitter-sweet experience for me. I hear people say Vue is easy, yea, it is indeed easy because you feel at home, it's still HTML but with some nice perks and those perks was the bitter part but it's a process so I'm getting there. In this series, all I will be doing is just documenting my learning experience.

On today's episode I will building a full fledged application with a dark mode theme and this is to be sure I really did understand the tutorial I have been on. It's a challenge for me and I'm taking it. This particular article would be in parts because I don't want it so long. I'll just break them into small pieces.

What our final application should look like after we're done:

image contains countries

I am a big believer in writing the actual code than just binge-watching tutorials and not doing anything about them.

I will be building this on codesandbox, of course, you can do this in your IDE after creating a new project in Vue. This tutorial isn't really about how to get started with Vue so I won't be talking about that.

Quick Breakdown
Our app is going to be made up of basically six components which I'll talk about as I progress. They are:

  • Header
  • Toggle
  • Search
  • Filter
  • Countries
  • Country

Project Structure
The image below describes what my file structure looks like. Just create the different files. I'm currently building with Codesandbox, it gives the IDE experience but online. I took out the assets folder since we won't be needing it in this tutorial.

Alt Text

We'll be using the Nunito font, you can copy this link right here and paste in your index.html file, it's found in your public folder:

<link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Nunito+Sans:wght@300;600;800&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">

Let's begin building out our different components.

A quick one before I dive in. I'll just do a layman explanation of what a component is for my friends who hail from Vanilla JS.

A component is a small, reusable part of an application whether big or small.

Before the advent of frameworks like Vue and the rest, we wrote lots of beautiful HTML for large applications which I must confess can go from mildly confusing to seriously annoying. Why write 50,000 lines of code when you can break them into small pieces and bring them all together into one root element which now represents the whole app? Hopefully, that made sense.

So now, let's dive right in!

Header Component
This component represents our header. It will be holding one component which in this case is the Toggle component.

<template>
  <div class="Header">
    <h2>Where in the world?</h2>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default{
    name: 'Header'
  }
</script>

<style>

  .Header{
    display: flex;
    justify-content: space-between;
    align-items: center;
    padding: 16px 25px;
    background: #ffffff;
    color: #192734;
    box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.4);
  }

</style>

After adding the styles, import the component into the root component which in this case is our App.vue file. Our app should come alive by now.

Content Component
This component would have three components (country, search and filtersearch) which will be referenced in our components property. Components property is a vue feature that allows a component keep track of all components imported into it.

<template>
  <div class="Content">
    <!-- Country component -->
    <!-- Search component -->
    <!-- Filtersearch component -->
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default{
    name: 'Content'
  }
</script>

<style>
  .Content{
    padding: 25px 30px;
    background: #f5f5f5;
    height: 88vh;
  }
</style>

Toggle Component
This component is responsible for the toggle action between dark and light theme when we implement our dark mode feature.

I will be using Font Awesome for my icons, use whatever font icon you love.

  <template>
  <div class="Toggle">
    <button>
     <i class="fa fa-moon-o"></i>
     <span>Dark Mode</span>
    </button>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default{
    name: 'Toggle'
  }
</script>

<style>
  .Toggle{
    color: #197432;
  }

  button{
    background: none;
    outline: none;
    border: none;
  }

  button span{
    font-weight: 600;margin-left: 6px

  }

</style>

Then, import your Toggle component into your Header component and you'll be good.

Now, this is what our root component (App.vue) should look like after importing our Header and Content components. You don't see the Toggle component here because it is a small piece attached to the Header component, in this case, it is a child of the Header component.

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <Header/>
    <Content/>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import Header from './components/Header';
import Content from './components/Content';

export default {
  name: "App",
  components: {
    Header,
    Content
  }
};
</script>

<style>
*, *::before, *::after{
  margin: 0;
  padding:0;
  outline: none;
  border: none
}

#app{
  font-family: 'Nunito Sans', sans-serif;
  min-height: 100vh;
}
</style>

I'll stop here, then tomorrow, we'll move on to creating the rest of the components. This is what our app looks like: https://12oqz.csb.app/

Be creative with yours, musn't look like mine. Till tomorrow. Byeee!

Posted on by:

saucekode profile

Amaka Mbah

@saucekode

Changing the world-wide web one code at a time. 😁

Discussion

markdown guide
 

If you still have some extra capacity for learning, try adding TypeScript ;-)
I've started learning VueJS some months ago, and since adding TypeScript I have to say, it is much easier, especially if you configure your IDE (I am using VSCode (I just love Atom much more, but for Vue + TypeScript VSCode just works better)) correctly. vuejs.org/v2/guide/typescript.html

 

Thanks Lud. Would throw in Typescript later.

 

Wouldn’t it make sense to wait for the release of Vue 3 instead? The class style syntax will still be supported later but Vue3 comes with in-house TS support without syntax changes

 

I would in general not wait for the next version to be released, since a) cycles in tech are usually very short b) it is open source and the planned release date not guaranteed, thus you might have to wait much longer than anticipated.
Of course, if the next release comes out within a super short time, waiting might be an option, if upgrading will be a lot of overhead. For a learning project, having to upgrade might on the other hand teach you more about the internals of the framework.

These are some very valid points. Since Vue 3 is now a release candidate, I would assume that we won't have to wait for much longer. My point would still be that I'm not sure if learning Vue + Class Style Vue would still be confusing, especially if one doesn't need it anymore afterwards.

But learning is learning, that's true.

 

Nice ❤️ which API did you make use of?

 

Why put the cart before the horse? I'm getting to that, lol. Chill...