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Swee Sen
Swee Sen

Posted on • Updated on

How to upload document to server using Alamofire

Here is a basic code snippet that uses Alamofire to upload document onto a server.

fileprivate func uploadDocument(_ file: Data,filename : String,handler : @escaping (String) -> Void) {
       let headers: HTTPHeaders = [
           "Content-type": "multipart/form-data"

           multipartFormData: { multipartFormData in
               multipartFormData.append(file, withName: "upload_data" , fileName: filename, mimeType: "application/pdf")
           to: "https://yourserverurl", method: .post , headers: headers)
           .response { response in
               if let data ={
                   //handle the response however you like 

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Note that the Mime Type should be modified depending on the type of document to be uploaded. Follow this link to see the list of mime type.

Integrating with UIDocumentPickerController

Most of the time, we need to upload document onto the server by choosing a local file from the phone. This is done using the UIDocumentPickerController. For example, let's assume that I have a button in my ViewController that brings up the UIDocumentPickerController when pressed:

button.addAction(for: .touchUpInside) {
    let importMenu = UIDocumentPickerViewController(documentTypes: [kUTTypePDF as String], in: .import)
    importMenu.delegate = self 
    importMenu.modalPresentationStyle = .formSheet
    self.present(importMenu, animated: true, completion: nil)
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Next, we have to make our ViewController conform to UIDocumentPickerDelegate, and get the document URL:

extension IndividualChatViewController:UIDocumentPickerDelegate{

    public func documentPicker(_ controller: UIDocumentPickerViewController, didPickDocumentsAt urls: [URL]) {
        guard let documentURL = urls.first else {

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Now that we got the url of the document, we have to retrieve the document using the url in order to get the document in the type of Data.

fileprivate func getDocumentFromURL(URL: NSURL,handler : @escaping (Data) -> Void) {
    let sessionConfig = URLSessionConfiguration.default
    let session = URLSession(configuration: sessionConfig, delegate: nil, delegateQueue: nil)
    var request = URLRequest(url: URL as URL)
    request.httpMethod = "GET"
    let task = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
        if (error == nil) {
            // Success
            DispatchQueue.main.async(execute: {
                //this is an async operation, use handler to handle the result

        else {
            // Failure
            print("Failure: %@", error!.localizedDescription)
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Top comments (1)

madhavrajverma profile image

this is really helpful ,
but if we want to use URL Sessions ,
so how can we done this task using URL Session