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NOMENCLATURE demystified !
ABHINAVA GHOSH (he/him)
ABHINAVA GHOSH (he/him)

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intel chipsets - NOMENCLATURE demystified !

Have you ever wondered what are those weird naming - conventions used in machines powered by intel processors , and have just asked the salesperson for their recommendation ,just because you did not understand which one is better than the other and what difference does each number and letter make on the whole performance of the chipset !

Well , after reading this post , you will now feel much more confident on your own decision and don't have to ask for help from others. šŸ˜Ž


All intel chips have 3 basic parts and each of them have different roles .

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šŸŽÆ Brand

The Intel naming scheme starts with the processorā€™s brandā€”the overall product line the processor was created for. Today, the most common IntelĀ® processor names begin with IntelĀ® Coreā„¢, IntelĀ® PentiumĀ®, and IntelĀ® CeleronĀ®. IntelĀ® PentiumĀ® and IntelĀ® CeleronĀ® processors are economical product lines created for price-conscious consumers. IntelĀ® Coreā„¢ processors bring faster performance and additional features not available in IntelĀ® PentiumĀ® and IntelĀ® CeleronĀ® models.


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šŸŽÆ Brand Modifier

IntelĀ® Coreā„¢ processor series include a brand modifier before the remaining parts of the model number. IntelĀ® PentiumĀ® and IntelĀ® CeleronĀ® processors do not use this naming convention. Today, the IntelĀ® Coreā„¢ processor series includes the brand modifiers i3, i5, i7, and i9


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šŸŽÆ Generation Indicator

After the brand and brand modifier comes the processorā€™s generation indicator. IntelĀ® processor generations are identified in the processor number in all IntelĀ® Coreā„¢ processor brands. In a four-digit processor number, the first digit typically represents the generation. For example, a processor with the digits 9800 is a 9th gen processor, while one labeled 8800 is 8th gen technology.


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šŸŽÆ SKU Numeric Digits

For the majority of IntelĀ® processors, the final three digits of the product number are the SKU. SKUs are generally assigned in the order in which processors in that generation and product line are developed. A higher SKU within otherwise-identical processor brands and generations will generally have more features. However, SKU numbers are not recommended for comparison across different generations or product lines.


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šŸŽÆ Product Line Suffix

The SKU suffix is another key indicator of the processorā€™s capabilities. These remaining differences are indicated by a letter-based product line suffix. For example, within the IntelĀ® Coreā„¢ processor series, U indicates a processor that has been designed for power-efficient laptops or 2 in 1s. Meanwhile, XE indicates an ā€œextreme editionā€ processor for desktops designed for maximum performance.


Now that we have a basic idea of what it means , lets have a better look into things.

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šŸŽÆ The number next to the 'i' after 'Core' represents the kind ofr over-achieving performance a chip is capable of

A Core "i3" chip is on the lower end of performance that's best suited for budget computers.

A Core "i5" chip is on the mid-range of performance that's suited for casual users and power users on a budget.

A Core "i7" chip is on the higher end of performance that's suited for power users and professionals for power-hungry apps like Photoshop or video editing.


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šŸŽÆ The first of the four numbers on Intel's Core chips represents the generation of the chip.

Intel's eighth and latest generation of chips will always have an "8" as the first number in the four-numbered grouping after the "iX" part.

The seventh generation will have a "7," and so on

The lower the number, the older the generation. When you're buying a new computer, you're generally avoiding those with chips that are two or more generations behind the latest generation.


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šŸŽÆ The three following numbers after the generation number represent performance. The higher the numbers, the more powerful the chip

For example, an Intel Core i5 "8400" will be less powerful than a Core i5 "8600" .

The major difference is "clock speed" and "boost clock speed." The higher the clock speeds, the faster the chip can process what you want.

A casual user could opt for a cheaper computer with the Core i5 8400, while a power user on a budget could opt for computers with the slightly more expensive Core i5 8600 for an extra boost of power.

These numbers make a smaller difference than the number in the "iX" part, but they're still important.


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šŸŽÆ What the letters mean after the numbers?

Intel's chips have letters like "K" and "U" after the numbers that give you an idea of what kind of purpose and performance the computer is designed for.

Intel's chips have letters like "K" and "U" after the numbers that give you an idea of what kind of purpose and performance the computer is designed for.

The "K" chips are usually the fastest, with higher clock speeds than the standard chips without a letter in Intel's mainstream chips. It also means the chip is "unlocked," where its clock speeds can be tweaked ā€” or "overclocked ā€” by a user to squeeze out a little extra performance than what you get out of the box. Usually, it's mostly enthusiasts who tend to overclock their chips, and they're mostly designed for desktops or high-performance laptops.

The "G" means the chip has a built-in graphics processor. Most of Intel's chips come with basic built-in graphics processors so you can display something on your monitor without an entirely separate graphics card. But Intel's "G" processors come with a more powerful graphics processor for more power-hungry apps and games. Surprisingly, the graphics processors in Intel's "G" chips come from the company's main rival, AMD.

The "T" means the chips is designed to use less power while also having less performance than the standard chips without any letters.

The "U" means the chip is designed for laptops and mobile devices, as "U" chips are Intel's "ultra-low power" models. They're "low power" because they use even less power than the "T" models and have slower clock speeds than their full-size, non "U" equivalents. By having slower clock speeds, they don't get as hot and have a lower risk of heat-related damage. That's good for thin laptops that have limited cooling compared to larger desktops and laptops.


Suffix Meaning
G1-G7 Graphics level (processors with new integrated graphics technology only)
E Embedded
F Requires discrete graphi
G Includes discrete graphics on package
H High performance optimized for mobile
HK High performance optimized for mobile, unlocked
HQ High performance optimized for mobile, quad core
K Unlocked
S Special edition
T Power-optimized lifestyle
U Mobile power efficient
Y Mobile extremely low power

For better visual understanding

Linus tech-tips
Another Linus' video

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