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Amana Samsudeen for Mozilla Club of UCSC

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IOT in a Nutshell

In the world we live in today, almost everything is connected in some way to the internet. The Internet of Things is a simple concept, taking all the things in the world and connecting them to the internet.

If we see a simple definition of IoT,
The interconnection via the Internet of computing devices embedded in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data.

What this simply means is that the objects around us which we use in day to day life has many activities to do and it has statuses. How amazing would it be if we could control it through internet? For example, say you have a fan at home, its connected to internet, and you too are also connected to internet. Then wherever you are in the world, as long as you have access to internet by any means you also have access to you fan in your room.

Another aspect is that, objects that we use in our day to day life emits several statuses and actions. So, when this object is connected to internet and to smart sensors. Then sensors can transfer data and information through internet.
IoT is not only used for personal needs and day to day life. They are also used in many disciplines such as healthcare, logistics, industry, farming, and many more.

IoT has the potential to redefine the healthcare system. The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) is virtually the collection of medical devices and applications that connect to healthcare IT systems through online computer networks.

As the amount of connected medical devices increases, the power of IoMT grows as grows the scope of its application, be it remote patient monitoring of people with chronic or long-term conditions or tracking patient medication orders or patients’ wearable health devices, which can send information to caregivers.

If we take the farming industry, the sensors can collect information about the soil moisture to tell the farmer how much to water the crops, but you don’t actually need the farmer. Instead, the irrigation system can automatically turn on as needed, based on how much moisture is in the soil.
To wind up things, filling our earth with IoT is often thought of as “The 4th Industrial Revolution”, because of how impactful it can be. We should all be aware of the changes happening and the issues they bring, but also appreciate we live in a world where these kinds of changes are possible and are actually happening.

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