DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for How To Quickly Add Cypress To Your Next.js App

How To Quickly Add Cypress To Your Next.js App

ashconnolly profile image Ash Connolly Originally published at ashconnolly.com ・Updated on ・4 min read

Pssst... you might also like this guide on adding Jest to your Next.js App. Combined with Cypress, it's a great setup! πŸ˜ƒ

Why use Cypress for end to end / integration testing?

  • Writing Cypress tests are easy and feel intuitive
  • Good developer experience with quick setup
  • The tests resemble how apps are used, not how they are implemented, which means they don't need changing even if you refactor your whole app!

Adding Cypress

Install the dependencies

  • yarn: yarn add cypress start-server-and-test --dev
  • npm: npm install cypress start-server-and-test --save-dev

The start-server-and-test will allow us to run our app locally before starting Cypress.

Now we need to open Cypress for the first time:

  • yarn: yarn run cypress open
  • npm: npx cypress open

This will add a bunch of folders to the root of your app:

  • cypress/fixtures β†’ these are our mock server response
  • cypress/integration β†’ these our UI tests
  • cypress/plugins β†’ these are, you guessed it, cypress plugins!
  • cypress/supports β†’ these are reusable functions to use in our tests

This will also have added a bunch of helpful example tests in cypress/integration/examples too!

Adding scripts

Now we need to add some scripts to our package.json so we can run cypress.

What we could do open two terminal windows...

  • In one we would run our app locally using yarn dev or yarn start (depending on your setup).
  • And in the other terminal run the cypress tests against our local app.

But that's not ideal. Instead we want to be able to run a single command that will do both of these for us. This will make running the tests in a release pipeline (like jenkins, circle CI, or github actions etc) easier to do.

NOTE: I use yarn dev to run my app locally (as it's a next.js app) on port 3000. if you use a different command (like start) or a different port, be sure to change it in the scrips below.

Add the following scripts (the ones starting with cy) to your package.json:

"scripts": {
    "dev": "next dev",
    ...
    "cy:open-only": "cypress open",
    "cy:run-only": "cypress run",
    "cy:open": "start-server-and-test dev 3000 cy:open-only",
    "cy:run": "start-server-and-test dev 3000 cy:run-only"
  },

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Remember, the start-server-and-test command will allow us to run our app locally before starting Cypress.

  • cy:open-only will open the cypress GUI
  • cy:run-only will run cypress tests
  • cy:open will run dev to run our app locally, and then run cy:open-only to open the cypress GUI.
  • cy:run will run dev to run our app locally, and then run cy:run-only to run the cypress tests in the terminal.

The first two commands on their own will not work unless your app is running. Which is why we have the last two commands, which will run our app locally, then run the tests, without the need to run our app in a separate terminal.

Adding our first test

  • Add a test file to ./cypress/integration/ called app.spec.js
context('App', () => {
    it('should load our app and show content', () => {
      cy.visit('<http://localhost:3000>')
      cy.contains('Welcome to Next.js!')
    })
  })

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Be sure to update the cy.contains to reference some text found on your homepage. I'm doing this in a brand new Next.js app, so I'm checking for Welcome to Next.js!.

Now if we run:

  • yarn: yarn cy:run
  • npm: npm run cy:run

We will see our tests running in the terminal!:

https://dev-to-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com/uploads/articles/bxrdng8mg95zjnkzi5ko.png

We can also open the Cypress GUI and see our tests run in a browser: Then we'll open cypress

  • yarn: yarn cy:open
  • npm: npm run cy:open

And we should see our Cypress testing window, showing all available tests:

https://dev-to-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com/uploads/articles/wlaf9613vrs25x98bx5e.png

Note: I have collapsed the folder called examples.

Click the app.spec.js and it will pop open a browser, navigate to your app, and run our tests against it!

https://dev-to-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com/uploads/articles/bmzh57hqtfyixikwu5yc.png

Done!

And that's it! We have added Cypress to our Next.js app! πŸŽ‰ πŸ˜ƒ

Now we can write end-to-end tests for all of our user journeys! For further learning on Cypress, I highly recommend the "Cypress in a Nutshell" video by Amir Rustamzadeh (Head of Developer Experience at Cypress). It's a very practical and concise watch!

If you're interested in hearing more tips about React, Next.js, and JavaScript, feel free to follow me on twitter! πŸ˜ƒ

Stunning cover photo by Matthew on Unsplash!

Discussion (0)

Forem Open with the Forem app