Today it's not about virtualbox/vmware. It's a new Windows 10 feature. They called it WSL(Windows Subsystem for Linux)
Originally Posted on HERE
Already told Windows Subsystem for Linux. Windows made sure to install Linux operating system inside the Windows environment without extra virtualization software(Virtual Box, VmWare, ...). So, How they did that?? That's burning question. Today I'll not go that way. But one thing I can tell that is, they slightly modified the kernel to fit with windows. Isn't it awesome?? YES! I am really exited to share about it.
- Enable WSL.
- Install Ubuntu (22.04 Maybe).
- Set WSL Resource.
- Install Docker on Ubuntu.
- VSCode WSL development.
- Intellij IDE WSL development.
You must be running Windows 10 version 2004 and higher (Build 19041 and higher) or Windows 11.
To check your Windows version and build number, select Windows logo key + R, type winver, select OK.
You can enable from GUI as well as from Powershell. I always prefer the hard way(command line). So, Run the following commands on Powershell.
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart
Now you need to restart the machine.
Downthe the update installer from here and Run the installer.
wsl --set-default-version 2
Update existing distribution (if any)
wsl --set-version <distribution name> 2
There are several ways to install the OS in WSL. You can download from the Windows Store. This is the hassel free process. Once installed you will be able to login using your given password. Don't afraid, there is no UI. Only command line like Ubuntu Server :)
Now open Powershell again,
wsl -l -v
Yes. You can still have chance to modify your resource allocation. Otherwise your windows will decide to do so. The process is pretty simple. You need to create a file to a specific location.
Open the file,
Add these lines to the editor and save it.
[wsl2] memory=4GB processors=4
You can read the microsoft's document for more configuration.
Now login to the ubuntu again, with Powershell/CMD whatever shell you have.
It's not mandatory. So, don't push yourself into Docker if your are not a Docker guy.
Installing Docker is same guide as ubuntu. You can follow the official Docker docs OR blindly follow me. Run the following commands on the Ubuntu's terminal not Powershell.
- Update the apt package index and install packages to allow apt to use a repository over HTTPS:
$ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install \ ca-certificates \ curl \ gnupg \ lsb-release
- Add Docker’s official GPG key:
$ sudo mkdir -p /etc/apt/keyrings $ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg
- Use the following command to set up the repository
$ echo \ "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \ $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
- Install Docker Engine
$ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io docker-compose-plugin
- Start the docker and check
$ sudo service docker start $ sudo service docker status
- Test your docker installation
$ sudo docker run hello-world
So, Docker is working.
$ echo -e "[network]\ngenerateResolvConf = false" | sudo tee -a /etc/wsl.conf $ sudo unlink /etc/resolv.conf $ echo nameserver 220.127.116.11 | sudo tee /etc/resolv.conf
I found some people have iptables related errors. So I recommend the following command and choose legacy
$ update-alternatives --config iptables
Actually there is nothing to setup. Trust me and do the following things,
- You just need to install an extension. You can get it from here.
- Create a project on WSL(ubuntu)
- On the bottom left corner you will see remote development button.
- Select New WSL Window
- Open the project from WSL(Ubuntu)
Now it's all yours.
- Using Intellij IDE (Pycharm) codes stays on the windows machine.
- Interpreter(Environment) will be just shared from WSL. The step by step guide is here.
I've talked too much today. But it made me to do so. But, Why I am writing this post?
In short, After 7-8 years I have been trying windows 10. I am so pleased to see the WSL and how it works. So, I thought people may like it too. Thank you.