For every created internet-facing load balancer in AWS, they will have a public hostname. At most of the situation, a CloudFront distribution will be sitting in front of the load balancer for caching the static content and accelerate the delivery. And a WAF web ACL may create along and associate with the CloudFront distribution to provide application security. Or some Lambda@Edge function may create for customizing the content on the CloudFront distribution.
And now the problem is if the public hostname of the load balancer was exposed to the internet, the hacker on the internet can be bypassing the web ACL at the CloudFront distribution to attack the application. The only way is to only allow inbound traffics from CloudFront distribution.
To achieve this restriction, for every inbound request, the CloudFront distribution will insert a custom header
X_Request_From_CloudFront with a hash value when the request passing through, and next forward to the load balancer. And the load balancer will have another associated WAF web ACL, to validate if the
X_Request_From_CloudFront custom header exists and matching the hash value. The web ACL will reject the request if the custom header not exists or the value does not match.
In order to hide the custom header
X_Request_From_CloudFront, and its hash value from the client-side and server-side, the 'Drop invalid header fields' is required to enable in the load balancer.
According to the document, Load balancer attributes
Indicates whether HTTP headers with header fields that are not valid are removed by the load balancer (true), or routed to targets (false). The default is false. Elastic Load Balancing requires that message header names contain only alphanumeric characters and hyphens.
Since the custom header
X_Request_From_CloudFront contains underscores, the load balancer will consider it as an invalid header and remove the custom header and its value when the request passing through, which means it only exists in the request between the CloudFront distribution and the load balancer.