Let's suppose you want to check your any linux system stats, you might probably use commands such as w, date, or df. That means you need to write three commands and check their results, one by one... Not the funniest hobby!
That's where shell scripting arrives: lets automatize tasks, and a little more...
To start, let's just create an hellomars.sh file. Do this by typing in your terminal:
vim your finest editor to edit this file and have some lack of fun creating your first Hello Mars script!
#/bin/bash echo "Hello Mars!"
Once created, give this file permission to be executed and execute the file itself by typing:
chmod +x hellomars.sh ./hellomars.sh
As you may have noticed, echo is the command to write something as output. The #/bin/bash is used to tell linux which interpreter it must use (there are plenty of them, sh, bash, dash...). The output of the script might be as follows:
Now that you know how to write something in the screen, lets write something relevant. Putting all those first commands together, you can make another file such, let's call it mysystem.sh:
#/bin/bash echo "Aliens using this computer:" w echo "What year am I?" date echo "Is there any computer left?" df -h
- tip: -h flag turns df a little more human readable.
By running this script, the output must be something as shown below:
Aliens using this computer: 22:13:13 up 1:54, 1 user, load average: 0,55, 0,56, 0,60 USER TTY FROM LOGIN@ IDLE JCPU PCPU WHAT bardini tty7 :0 20:22 1:54m 2:28 0.60s /sbin/upstart --user What year am I? Ter Jul 17 22:13:13 -03 2018 Is there any computer left? Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on udev 2,9G 0 2,9G 0% /dev tmpfs 586M 17M 570M 3% /run /dev/sda1 105G 33G 67G 33% / tmpfs 2,9G 31M 2,9G 2% /dev/shm tmpfs 5,0M 4,0K 5,0M 1% /run/lock
People might not understand the functions you are using in your script, so comment it using hashtags:
#/bin/bash #This shows users in this computer echo "Aliens using this computer:" w #This shows the date and time of this computer echo "What year am I?" date #This shows the disk usage of the computer echo "Is there any computer left?" df -h
You can find all my scripts in my github!
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