Written by Michael Okoh✏️
- Basic knowledge of the command line
- Basic knowledge of Docker
- Basic knowledge of version control
- Latest release of node installed on your local machine
First, you will be installing
vue-cli. It is a command-line tool that enables you to quickly scaffold a new Vue application. Run the following command to install
vue-cli on your local machine:
npm install -g @vue/cli
This will pull all the dependencies required to run
vue-cli, you can verify its installation by running:
In this step, you will be creating a new app using the
vue-cli create command which will help us scaffold our application along with necessary plugins. Run the following to create a new Vue application:
vue create vue-demo
You will be prompted to select a preset, leave it at the default preset, and press enter to continue.
When this is done, change directory into the
vue-demo folder created by the
vue-cli and run:
npm run serve
This will make your Vue application accessible on localhost via port 8080. Visit http://localhost:8080 to view your application.
Now, you will be pushing your Vue application to a GitLab repository. Head over to GitLab’s Website and log into your account or create an account if you do not have one already.
Next, create a new project. At the top right corner of your GitLab dashboard, you will see a green button with the text
New project. Click on it.
A new screen will come up asking you to give a name to the project. Name the project
vue-demo, you can leave the project description empty, it can be either a public or private repository. Leave the last checkbox unticked.
You need to associate your
vue-demo application locally with the remote repository. To do that, head over to the terminal and make sure you are in the application’s directory and run the following:
git init git remote add origin email@example.com:<your-gitlab-username>/vue-demo.git git add . git commit -m "Initial commit" git push -u origin master
NOTE : Replace
<your-gitlab-username>with your actual GitLab username.
You will be prompted to input your GitLab password or authenticate via SSH if you have previously configured that in the past. When done, visit
vue-demo project dashboard on Gitlab, all your source files should be present.
In this step, we will be configuring our pipeline using Docker and GitLab CI. Using your preferred text editor or IDE, create a new file named
Dockerfile without any extension and paste the following:
FROM node:lts-alpine as build-stage WORKDIR /app COPY package*.json ./ RUN npm install COPY . . RUN npm run build # production stage FROM nginx:stable-alpine as production-stage COPY --from=build-stage /app/dist /usr/share/nginx/html EXPOSE 80 CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]
This Docker configuration pulls the Node alpine image which will be used to build our application for production and the second stage pulls the Nginx alpine image which will be used to serve our build codebase copied from the first stage.
Next, create a
.gitlab-ci.yml. This will allow GitLab to deploy our changes to the server. This config file creates a communication to the server. It contains operations and commands that should be executed on the server on every code push. Copy and save the following into your
image: docker services: - docker:dind stages: - deploy step-deploy-prod: stage: deploy script: - docker build -t app/vue-demo . - docker run -d -p 80:80 --rm --name todoapp app/vue-demo
Commit and push these files to the remote repository:
git add . git commit -m "Pipeline Configurations" git push
In the next step, we will be configuring our server to work with GitLab’s CI/CD.
SSH into your server by running:
NOTE : SSH procedure may be different on windows
GitLab Runner acts as the interface between GitLab and your remote server. Run the following to install GitLab Runner:
curl -L https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/runner/gitlab-runner/script.deb.sh | sudo bash sudo apt-get install gitlab-runner sudo gitlab-runner start
This will install and start GitLab Runner on your server.
To register a pipeline, run the following command:
sudo gitlab-runner register
You will be returned a prompt like this:
Please enter the gitlab-ci coordinator URL (e.g. https://gitlab.com/):
https://gitlab.com/ and press
Enter. The next prompt will be:
Please enter the gitlab-ci token for this runner:
You can get your token from your
vue-demo project dashboard by hovering on
Settings on the navigator section on the left, another sub-menu will show up with a bunch of options, click on
CI / CD.
Next, click on the
Expand button on the runner’s option.
You will see your token after the option is expanded, copy it, go back to your server SSH terminal, paste it and press the
To skip all these procedures, you can directly visit
<username>should be your gitlab username
Next, you will be asked to enter a description and tags for the runner like this:
Please enter the gitlab-ci description for this runner:
Please enter the gitlab-ci tags for this runner (comma separated):
Enter key to skip these. Next, you will be prompted with the following:
Please enter the executor: ssh, virtualbox, kubernetes, docker, docker-ssh, shell, docker+machine, docker-ssh+machine, custom, parallels:
shell and press enter. At this point, you have successfully registered a GitLab Runner on your server.
You can quickly install docker by running:
sudo snap install docker
This will quickly install Docker on your machine. Next, we need to set permissions for Docker by running:
sudo groupadd docker sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
Reboot your server like this:
Log back in and run:
sudo usermod -aG docker gitlab-runner
This will add GitLab Runner to the Docker group.
To add GitLab Runner to the list of sudoers, run:
sudo nano /etc/sudoers
Paste the following at the end of the file:
gitlab-runner ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
Save and exit nano.
To verify your information run:
sudo nano /etc/gitlab-runner/config.toml
It should contain contents like this:
... [[runners]] url = "https://gitlab.com/" token = "XXXXXXXXX" executor = "shell" [runners.custom_build_dir] [runners.ssh] user = "<SERVER ACCOUNT USERNAME>" host = "<SERVER IP ADDRESS>" [runners.cache] [runners.cache.s3] [runners.cache.gcs] ...
host attribute details do not match that of your server, you can correct it in this section:
... [runners.ssh] user = "<SERVER ACCOUNT USERNAME>" host = "<SERVER IP ADDRESS>" ...
If it’s not present in the file, add it along with the right credentials, save and exit the file. Restart GitLab Runner:
sudo gitlab-runner restart
In this step, you will be running your pipeline to see if your application will deploy on the server.
Head over to the pipeline menu from your project GitLab’s dashboard.
Select a branch to deploy from, by default it will be
master. Click on
Your application deployment will begin.
Click on the
step-deploy-.... button to see the process.
Once deployment succeeds, you will see a
Job succeeded message. If it fails, review all the steps to make sure you did not miss anything. Visit your server IP address on your browser, you will see the Vue landing page, which means your application was deployed successfully.
Your application will build and deploy itself on every push made to the
master branch automatically.
In this tutorial, you successfully created a Vue project, wrote Docker and GitLab CI configurations, configured a server with Docker, GitLab Runner (along with necessary permissions), and configured a pipeline on GitLab. With this, you are set to configure other projects in the future.
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