DEV Community


Posted on

Deploying applications on Kubernetes using TypeScript

There is no doubt that YAML has developed a reputation for being a painful way to define and deploy applications on Kubernetes. The combination of semantics and empty spaces can drive some developers crazy.

As Kubernetes advances, is it time for us to explore different options that can support both DevOps and Developers in deploying and managing applications on Kubernetes?

Using code to define ... code ...?

Pulumi: Modern infrastructure as code for developers, a.k.a the new kid on the block.

Pulumi targets the widespread infrastructure as code (IaC) space but using a different approach. It allows developers to define infrastructure using their language of choice, such as TypeScript, JavaScript, Python, and others, instead of a proprietary language, such as HCL, from our friends at HashiCorp.

It is an exciting approach that can benefit teams when scaling the management and evolution of infrastructure since it’s easier to find folks in your group who can help write, manage, and extend the infrastructure as code definitions using existing languages.

Extending Ketch

Although the approach taken by Pulumi is intriguing, the way it deploys applications on Kubernetes today is very “infrastructure-focused.” What I mean by that is that Pulumi requires developers to define the entire Kubernetes manifest and object, as they would do with Helm, but using their preferred language.

While it may bring some initial benefits, it still requires developers to know how to define the objects in Kubernetes in detail.

Instead, by combining the application-focused approach from Ketch with the IaC model from Pulumi, developers can have an application-focused layer they can leverage to quickly deploy their applications without getting into the underlying infrastructure details exposed by Kubernetes.

We will go through the steps to deploy an application using Ketch and Pulumi but you can find additional details about the plugin here:

Provider documentation

Installing Ketch

You can find detailed information on how to install Ketch here

Installing The Ketch Provider For Pulumi

Download Ketch’s resource plugin for Pulumi here

Once downloaded, move it to your local Pulumi path:

mv pulumi-resource-ketch $HOME/.pulumi/bin

Now, add Pulumi to your PATH by using the command below:

export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.pulumi/bin

Deploying an Application

With Ketch and the provider for Pulumi installed, you can now deploy a sample application.

For Ketch to deploy applications, we first need to create a framework. Frameworks in Ketch translate to a namespace in your cluster, and when deploying applications targeting that framework, they will be deployed to the created namespace.

Let’s initialize Pulumi, so we can get started. You can do this by running:

pulumi new typescript

As a result, Pulumi will create the file structure required for you to run Ketch and Pulumi:

Pulumi folder structure

Now, let’s create the Ketch framework definition file. You can edit the index.ts file and add the following content:

import * as pulumi from "@pulumi/pulumi";
import * as ketch from "@shipa-corp/kpulumi";

const item = new ketch.Framework("dev-framework", {
    framework: {
        name: "dev",
        ingressController: {
            className: "istio",
            serviceEndpoint: "",
            type: "istio",

export const frameworkName =;

const app = new ketch.App("bulletin-app", {
    app: {
        name: "bulletin-app",
        image: "",
        framework: "dev",

export const appName =;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

With the index.ts file updated, install the required npm package using the command below:

npm i @shipa-corp/kpulumi

NPM install result

Now, just run the command below to have both your framework and application deployed:

pulumi up

Running Pulumi

The output above shows that both the framework and the applications were deployed.

You can check the framework by using the command below:

ketch framework list

Image description

As mentioned above, when you create a framework, Ketch automatically creates a namespace for it in your cluster (you can also instruct Ketch to use an existing namespace instead)

You can also check the status of your application and the endpoint to access it by using the command below:

ketch app list

Image description

If we access the endpoint created above, we can see our application’s web interface:

Image description


By combining Ketch and Pulumi, you can improve the developer experience when deploying applications on Kubernetes.

We would love to hear your feedback and input to continue improving Ketch and build additional providers.

Support The Project

Help support Ketch by giving it a GitHub star!

Top comments (0)