You can find a Brag Doc template file in this Github repo.
This is based on a blog post by Julia Evans that is well worth a read in addition to what is written here.
A Brag Doc is a document you use to keep track of all your work that you do
throughout the quarter/year/period so that you can look back on it at the end when doing reflective work and asking for feedback. As mentioned in the blog post linked to above
There’s this idea that, if you do great work at your job, people will (or should!) automatically recognize that work and reward you for it with promotions/increased pay. In practice, it’s often more complicated than that – some kinds of important work are more visible/memorable than others. It’s frustrating to have done something really important and later realize that you didn’t get rewarded for it just because the people making the decision didn’t understand or remember what you did.
Being recognised for your work though isn't just about promotions or getting raises (though these things are both still important). This document can also help you reflect on what you learn and work on, the things that are important to you, or where you'd like to go next.
Let's start by considering some of the more specific reason for why it's worth making a brag doc, and this should then help us understand what we want to put in it.
You're going to be doing so much in your job, both big and small, that remembering all of it is going to be difficult, if not impossible. Maybe you can go through a bunch of pull requests on Github. But what if you were pairing on a piece of work? If you're lucky you'll have remembered to use co-authored-by commits to try and keep track of that work, but that won't necessarily help with the Pull Requests or with work that isn't coding. Maybe you'll rely on Trello boards or similar to capture that work but, again, there will be so many times where some one-off mentoring or code reviewing would go uncaptured that you'll fail to capture all the really important "other work" that you do.
Instead, try make a habit of writing down all that work in your brag doc at the end of the day/week. There are some great ways to build this into your routine that I'll discuss below, but one of the key features of a brag doc is its function in ccapturing all of the work you do. So try remember to stick it all in there!
This is basically a repeated of the previous, but with some added caveats. There's a good chance that your line manager won't necessarily be on the same team as you. Maybe you'll mention to them in your 1:1 sessions some of the work you did, but without a written record they probably won't remember it all. Working with your manager is one of the best ways to fat track your career and your development, so making sure that they have an up to date reference of everything you've been doing is a great way to facilitate this.
Remember to share it with your manager!
See above. (Feedback from colleagues is a key part of your development. Help them out and do yourself a favour at the same time by sharing your doc with them when it comes to feedback time.)
At its simplest, your doc is just a list of your accomplishments over the course of your time in the job. So stick everything you do and everything you're remotely proud of in it./ Presentations, focus group work, documentation, mentoring, code review. Anything and everything should go in here. This might be enough for you but if you want to get the most out of it it's worth doing a bit more than that.
Build a bigger picture. What are you focussing on currently? Maybe you're wanting to build out your understanding of client-side development and have focussed on work around that. Or maybe you've tried really hard to tackle accessibility or internal process, so there's more conceptual work happened recently. By giving a general idea of what you're aiming for it helps you and anyone else reading the document to understand why you've highlighted or expanded on some work over others.
Try to notice patterns as you update your document. What kind of things are you most proud of? What do you wish featured more in your day-to-day work? What projects had the effect you wanted? What didn't work even if you're proud of it? All these question can really help with breaking down that bigger picture and with fleshing out the individual sections.
Finally, and arguably most importantly, don't forget the fuzzy work!
What is "fuzzy work"? Fuzzy work is a lot of the work that you do that feels harder to quantify. It's the kind of stuff that doesn't always feature on a Trello card or that falls outside of your team's current weekly focus.
This can include stuff like:
- Improving code quality or making code reviews a bit easier by establishing some guidelines around coding style.
- Mentoring work. - Doing code reviews for your team and others.
- Writing documentation! Everyone forgets how important this is because it doesn't produce a fancy product at the end, but it's really important.
- Getting rid of a bit of tech debt without it being part of a health week/healthcard.
- Design docs. Spending a few days sketching out your future work is really important and will help the team and anyone else you work with to understand what you're aiming for.
As Julia Evans says in the original blog post:
One way to approach this is to, for each goal:
- explain your goal for the work (why do you think it’s important to refactor X piece of code?)
- list some things you’ve done towards that goal
- list any effects you’ve seen of the work, even if they’re a little indirect
If you tell your coworkers this kind of work is important to you and tell them what you’ve been doing, maybe they can also give you ideas about how to
do it more effectively or make the effects of that work more obvious!
Wherever you like! I'd recommend something digital because it's easier to share, but after that it's really up to you. A Google doc is a good way to share it but keep it semi-private. You could also just stick it in a Git repo. It might be quite scary to make it (potentially) so public but, as long as none of the work is confidential, you should be proud of it and it can really help if you ever decide to move on from your current place of work and need evidence for interviews.
There are also some really fun ways of making this collabroative and supporting your co-workers. Start a regular brag session where you and a few others get together to update your brag docs and hype each other up. It can be a really nice morale boost to be reminded of and praised for a piece of work you'd forgotten all about. These are particularly useful around performance review time when having someone to bounce off and work with can make the process of self-reflection much less intimidating.
Below lifted directly from the blog post by Julia Evans.
List your major goals here! Sharing your goals with your manager & coworkers is really nice because it helps them see how they can support you in accomplishing those goals!
If it’s getting towards the end of the year, maybe start writing down what you think your goals for next year might be.
For each one, go through:
- What your contributions were (did you come up with the design? Which components did you build? Was there some useful insight like “wait, we can cut scope and do what we want by doing way less work” that you came up with?)
- The impact of the project – who was it for? Are there numbers you can attach to it? (saved X dollars? shipped new feature that has helped sell Y big deals? Improved performance by X%? Used by X internal users every day?). Did it support some important non-numeric company goal (required to pass an audit? helped retain an important user?) Remember: don’t forget to explain what the results of you work actually were! It’s often important to go back a few months later and fill in what actually happened after you launched the project.
- Helping others in an area you’re an expert in (like “other engineers regularly ask me for one-off help solving weird bugs in their CSS” or “quoting from the C standard at just the right moment”)
- Helping new team members get started - Writing really clear emails/meeting notes - Foundational code that other people built on top of - Improving monitoring/dashboards/on call - Any code review that you spent a particularly long time on/that you think was especially important
- Important questions you answered (“helped Risha from OTHER_TEAM with a lot of questions related to Y”) - Mentoring someone on a project (“gave Ben advice from time to time on leading his first big project”) - Giving an internal talk or workshop
- Design docs: I usually just say “wrote design for X” or “reviewed design for X”
- Documentation: maybe briefly explain the goal behind this documentation (for example “we were getting a lot of questions about X, so I documented it and now we can answer the questions more quickly”)
This means “things you did to help the company overall, not just your project/team”. Some things that go in here:
- Going above & beyond with interviewing or recruiting (doing campus recruiting, etc.)
- Improving important processes, like the interview process or writing better onboarding materials
- Working groups e.g. diversity, hiring etc.
Try listing important things you learned or skills you’ve acquired recently (bonus points if you did a write up on it after)! Some examples of skills you might be learning or improving:
- How to do performance analysis & make code run faster
- Internals of an important piece of software (like the JVM or Postgres or Linux)
- How to use a library (like React)
- How to use an important tool (like the command line or Firefox dev tools)
- About a specific area of programming (like localization or timezones)
- A new area like product management/UX design/software engineering
- How to write a clear design doc
- A new programming language
It’s really easy to lose track of what skills you’re learning, and usually when I reflect on this I realize I learned a lot more than I thought and also notice things that I’m not learning that I wish I was.
It’s also often useful to track accomplishments outside of work, like:
- blog posts
- Talks/panels - Open source work - Industry recognition I think this can be a nice way to highlight how you’re thinking about your career outside of strictly what you’re doing at work. These things are not compulsory though and you shouldn't feel pressured to do more than your day-to-day work.