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LeetCode 844. Backspace String Compare

cod3pineapple profile image codingpineapple ・1 min read

Description:

Given two strings S and T, return if they are equal when both are typed into empty text editors. # means a backspace character.

Note that after backspacing an empty text, the text will continue empty.

Example 1:

Input: S = "ab#c", T = "ad#c"
Output: true
Explanation: Both S and T become "ac".

Example 2:

Input: S = "ab##", T = "c#d#"
Output: true
Explanation: Both S and T become "".

Example 3:

Input: S = "a##c", T = "#a#c"
Output: true
Explanation: Both S and T become "c".

Example 4:

Input: S = "a#c", T = "b"
Output: false
Explanation: S becomes "c" while T becomes "b".

Solution:

Time complexity : O(n)

// In this solution we use an array like a stack 
// to create 2 new strings from the inputs
// Then we check if they are equal
const backspaceCompare = (S, T) => buildString(S) === buildString(T);
// Helper function
 function buildString(S) {
    // Data structure that we will use to create the compare strings
    const stack = [];
    for (const c of S) {
        // Add letter to the stack if it is not '#'
        if (c != '#')
            stack.push(c);
        // Remove the most recently added letter if we encounter '#'
        // and the stack is not empty
        else if (stack.length!==0) {
            stack.pop();
        }
    }
    // Convert array to an string
    return stack.join('');
}

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