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Valid Elements in a sorted array

CodeWithML
Sharing solutions to coding problems.
Updated on ・2 min read

Problem: Statement Write a function to count number of distinct elements given in a sorted array.

Difficulty level: Easy

Test Cases

  • [2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5] --> 4
  • [4, 5, 7, 10, 15] --> 5
  • [1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 5, 5] --> 3
  • [1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5] --> 5
  • None --> 0

Algorithm

  • Python Set Solution

    • Add elements of array to set and return it's length.
  • Dictionary Solution

    • Iterate through the given array
    • If element was previously not seen in dictionary than,
    • Add the element to dictionary with value of 1.
    • Return the length of dictionary.
  • Best Solution

    • Initialise index at 1
    • Iterate from 1 to length of given array.
    • If, the element at current iteration i is not equal to element at position of index - 1, than
    • Overwrite the element at index with the element at current iteration i
    • increment value of index by 1
    • Return index

Time and Space complexity

  • Time complexity of all solutions: O(n)
  • Space complexity

    • Set: O(n)
    • Dictionary: O(n)
    • Best solution: O(1)

Code

class ValidElements(object):
    def validElements(self, arr):
        if not arr:
            return 0
        return len(set(arr))

    def validElements2(self, arr):
        if not arr:
            return 0
        seen = {}
        for entry in arr:
            if entry not in seen:
                seen[entry] = 1
        return len(seen)

    def validElements3(self, arr):
        if not arr:
            return 0
        index = 1
        for i in range(1, len(arr)):
            if arr[index - 1] != arr[i]:
                arr[index] = arr[i]
                index += 1
        print(arr)
        return index

Unit Test

import unittest
from validElements import ValidElements


class TestValidElements(unittest.TestCase):
    def testValidElements(self, func):
        self.assertEqual(func([2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5]), 4)
        self.assertEqual(func([1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5]), 5)
        self.assertEqual(func([1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 5, 5]), 3)
        print("All test cases passed")


def main():
    test = TestValidElements()
    elements = ValidElements()
    test.testValidElements(elements.validElements)
    test.testValidElements(elements.validElements2)
    test.testValidElements(elements.validElements3)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Original article
Github solution

Happy Coding ! 😃

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