DEV Community

loading...

Project structure using meson.build and c++

Elvis Oric
・2 min read

You are ready to start your new C++ project from scratch and you want to go with Test Driven Development approach. Where to start? How to structure your project?

In this post series I will try to answer those questions using meson.build as a build system.

What we want to have on top level(root) of our project:

├── include
├── meson.build
├── src
├── subprojects
└── test
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

include directory will contain header files
src directory will contain source files
subprojects directory will contain third party projects that use meson.build as a build system
test directory will contain everything related to tests
meson.build file containing build description for meson build system

I usually group header files into sub directories inside include directory:

├── include
│   ├── bar
│   │   └── random.hpp
│   │   └── ...
│   ├── foo
│   │   └── dummy.hpp
│   │   └── ...
│   └── tar
│       └── generator.hpp
│       └── ...
├── meson.build
├── src
├── subprojects
└── test
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Same goes for source files, if there is source file for specific header (if is not header only):

├── include
├── meson.build
├── src
|   ├── meson.build
│   ├── bar
│   │   └── random.cpp
│   │   └── ...
│   ├── foo
│   │   └── dummy.cpp
│   │   └── ...
│   └── tar
│       └── generator.cpp
│       └── ...
├── subprojects
└── test
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Lets take closer look at test directory. What we actually want is to support Testing Pyramid, so we will have something like this:

├── include
├── meson.build
├── src
├── subprojects
└── test
    ├── meson.build
    ├── unit_tests
    │   └── [List of all unit tests].cpp
    │   └── meson.build
    ├── integration_tests
    │   └── [List of all integration tests].cpp
    │   └── meson.build
    ├── component_tests
    │   └── [List of all component tests].cpp
    │   └── meson.build
    └── system_tests
        └── [List of all system tests].cpp
        └── meson.build
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

More info about Testing Pyramid can be found here and here

That is it for Part I. In the next Part we will see how to actually write meson.build description file to support presented structure.

NOTE: This is my first post.
If you find this content interesting, please let me know.

Discussion (0)