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Create your own Apollo Data Source package

notrab profile image Jamie Barton ・3 min read

Apollo data sources are a great way to interface with your data(base) in Apollo Server.

The Apollo docs will teach you a lot more about using Apollo data sources, and all their configuration. The purpose of this tutorial is to encourage you to think of ways you can use data sources to improve your workflow.

I have recently started to explore the Give Food API. It's a REST API that aims to index all of the UK food banks, covering networked and independent organisations.

I started working on a few projects using the REST API, but I wanted a way to interface with Give Food using GraphQL.

Since Give Food don't have a native GraphQL API, I decided to explore creating an Apollo Server that masked requests to Give Food using the apollo-datasource-rest module.

However, there is a 2nd GraphQL API which needs access to Give Food API. Instead of creating the GiveFoodDataSource class again in that repo, I decided to package this up into an NPM module that can be imported and used directly with Apollo Server.

npm i apollo-datasource-givefood

Apollo Server accepts a dataSources function that expects your data sources.

import { GiveFoodDataSource } from 'apollo-datasource-givefood';

const server = new ApolloServer({
  typeDefs,
  resolvers,
  dataSources: () => ({
    givefood: new GiveFoodDataSource(),
  }),
});

These data sources are then accessible inside your GraphQL resolver context.

Query: {
  foodbank: async (_source, { slug }, { dataSources }) => {
    return dataSources.givefood.getBySlug(slug);
  },
}

What's involved?

The GiveFoodDataSource class extends the RESTDataSource and has defined the methods for retrieving data from the Give Food REST API.

Give Food exposes an API for all organisations, food bank by slug, and search params for lat/lng or address.

It made sense to split all of this out into 4 methods:

  • getAll()
  • getBySlug(slug)
  • getByLatLng(lat, lng)
  • getByAddress(address)

For each of these methods, we can use the class methods to get data from our baseURL. baseURL is required by RESTDataSource and all requests to get/post, etc. are relative to this.

In the end, the code ended up being:


const { RESTDataSource } = require('apollo-datasource-rest');

class GiveFoodDataSource extends RESTDataSource {
  constructor() {
    super();
    this.baseURL = 'https://www.givefood.org.uk/api/1/';
  }

  async getAll() {
    return this.get('foodbanks');
  }

  async getBySlug(slug) {
    return this.get(`foodbank/${slug}`);
  }

  async getByLatLng(lat, lng) {
    return this.get(`foodbanks/search`, {
      lattlong: `${lat},${lng}`,
    });
  }

  async getByAddress(address) {
    return this.get(`foodbanks/search`, {
      address,
    });
  }
}

You can even go further by subclassing the GiveFoodDataSource if Give Food updated their API baseURL, or you wanted to add a method.

import { GiveFoodDataSource } from 'apollo-datasource-givefood';

class FoodBanks extends GiveFoodDataSource {
  constructor() {
    super();
    this.baseURL = '...';
  }

  getFoodBankBySlug(slug) {
    return this.getBySlug(slug);
  }
}

I hope this is some help and inspiration to start building your own data sources. As you can see, this package isn't doing much but providing a clear and declarative way to call the Give Food API.

This is now available inside my GraphQL context. πŸš€

Links

Discussion

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dudeawesome profile image
Dude Awesome

apollo-datasource-rest really lacks for head requests and reading the header of the REST response. Cannot understand why this is missing

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notrab profile image
Jamie Barton Author

It’s open source project, maybe this is something for hacktoberfest?