my solution of Tidy Number (Google Code Jam)
Lorenzo Mele Apr 11, 2017
Google Code Jam
This year I'm sharing my solutions of the Google Code Jam, this is the second post, here are the previous:
The problem
Here the complete problem text.
Tatiana is a nice girl with a bit of OCD, she likes to find numbers with the digits in nondecreasing order, the socalled "tidy numbers".
Given a number, we have to find the biggest tidy number below it.
The solution
Here my complete code.
The first thing to do is to understand what a tidy number is: a number with nondecreasing digits.
In other words: each digit should be equal or greater than the preceding.
>>> n = 1234
>>> def is_tidy(number):
... prev = "0"
... for digit in str(number):
... if digit < prev:
... return False
... prev = digit
... return True
...
>>> is_tidy(12345)
True
>>> is_tidy(4444)
True
>>> is_tidy(42)
False
>>> is_tidy(10)
False
Pretty straight forward, right?
But we're just at the beginning of our alorithm: how can we find the previous tidy number?
It seems simple, right? Just try all the preceding numbers until you find a tidy one:
>>> def find_preceding_tidy(number):
... while not is_tidy(number):
... number = 1
... return number
...
>>> find_preceding_tidy(10)
9
>>> find_preceding_tidy(12345)
12345
>>> find_preceding_tidy(12350)
12349
>>> find_preceding_tidy(12000)
11999
It works!
But... what if the numbers are really big and strange?
>>> find_preceding_tidy(3914589564)
3899999999
On my machine it takes about 12 seconds to find the number.
This is too much time for the large dataset, where we can have numbers with 18 digits.
It's time to take pencil and paper.
3914589564
3899999999
345918
345899
123000
122999
123200
122999
So the logic seems to be: when you find the decreasing digit, that's the point you have to decrease the left part and then put 9s for the right part:
39 14589564
38 99999999
3459 18
3458 99
123 000
122 999
123 200
122 999
And so this is what I do:

enumerate
the digits so I can see them one by one and have also the index  when I find the decreasing digit, I use slicing to separate the two parts
 I convert the left part to integer and decrease by 1
 create the new right part, repeating 9 for the number of characters
def find_preceding_tidy(number):
line = str(number)
prev = "0"
for i, digit in enumerate(line):
if digit < prev:
left_part = str(int(line[:i])1)
right_part = "9" * (len(line)  i)
return left_part + right_part
prev = digit
What I learnt
It's ok to make a brute force algorithm, but you know it will be just for the small data set.
The first solution, however, can be used as a "unit test" when you'll write the second, possibly more complex, algorithm.
But what if the testcase is like 11110, the decreasing character is at index 3. Follow your solution then we have 11109 (not a tidy number, the correct answer is 9999). It seems that after decreasing the left part by 1, we also need to check those digits stand before the decreasing character again.
You are perfectly right!
I just updated the gist with the fix (I forgot to make
solve()
recursive, that's the key!).Btw, base on your idea then I found out a solution (edit a little bit):
We need to store the index of the first appearance of decreasing character, for example:
Your recursive solution is coded beautifully and easy to understand, thanks a lot!
Especially for the qualification round, where you have more time, I like the idea of your brute force algorithm as a unit test.
Thanks!
Indeed this is not a good solution for the next rounds, even if it could help you understand the problem.