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Sachin Kumar
Sachin Kumar

Posted on • Updated on

Heart diseases prediction app creation using cloud platforms & MLOps tools

Welcome back to my another projet based staff. Here I am going to discuss all this project from the very beginning to the end. So Hopefully, you will really enjoy it. So let's get started.

As it's clear from the name Heart diseases prediction app creation using cloud platforms & MLOps tools, I am going to create a health-related application with an industry approach. So let's see step by step all my activities for deploying this project in the production environment.

What I going to perform.

I will create this type of architecture to deploy my web app. so let see step by step.
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Note:

Here I mentioned my git link where you can find all the related codes and stuff.
https://github.com/hackcoderr/heart-diseases-predictor

Required knowledge

To create this project, having good knowledge of the following tools and platforms is a prerequisite.

  • Terraform
  • Cloud Platforms
    • Amazon Web Services (AWS)
    • Microsoft Azure
  • Ansible
  • Kubernetes
  • Machine Learning
  • Git and Github
  • Docker
  • Jenkins
  • flask

these all tools and platforms will help us how we can automate this project. So let's see the usages of all mentioned staff one by one and why we are using them here. So let's started with terraform.

Terraform

Terraform is an open-source infrastructure as a code software tool that provides a consistent CLI workflow to manage hundreds of cloud services. Terraform codifies cloud APIs into declarative configuration files.

Why I'm using Terraform here.

As it's mentioned in the above introduction of Terraform that we use this to manage the cloud services So I want to use some cloud platforms (AWS, Azure, and GCP) here so that I can create the below-mentioned reproducible infrastructure.
Terraform  infrastructure

Now it's time to install the terraform. So let see its installation.

Install terraform.

If you're using Linux os as terraform workstation then run the below commands otherwise go with the mentioned link and install terraform according to your OS.
https://www.terraform.io/downloads.html

sudo yum install wget -y
sudo wget https://releases.hashicorp.com/terraform/0.15.3/terraform_0.15.3_linux_amd64.zip 
sudo yum install unzip -y
sudo unzip terraform_0.15.3_linux_amd64.zip 
sudo mv terraform /usr/local/bin/
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Now check to terraform version with terraform -version command.
terraform -version

⚠️ Hopefully now it's clear what I am going to do with the help of Terraform as it's clearly mentioned in the above diagram. I'm going to use 2 cloud platforms (AWS and Azure). So let start with AWS Cloud then I will go with Azure.

Before going onward, let me create a workspace where I will save all the things related to this project.
workspace

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

Amazon web service is an online platform that provides scalable and cost-effective cloud computing solutions. It is a broadly adopted cloud platform that offers several on-demand operations like compute power, database storage, content delivery, etc., to help corporates scale and grow.

But if you want to more about it then visit the below link.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amazon_Web_Services

AWS IAM

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a web service that helps you securely control access to AWS resources. You use IAM to control who is authenticated (signed in) and authorized (has permissions) to use resources.

Now we will need access key and secret key for creating VPC and launch AWS instances by terraform tool that why we have to create AWS IAM User with AmazonVPCFullAccess and AmazonEC2FullAccess. So download your IAM credential file.
AWS IAM

Install AWS CLI

Now install AWS CLI in your terraform workstation that will help to create making AWS profile and other staff. So if you are using linux then run the below commands and for others os visit the mentioned link.
https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/cli-chap-install.html

curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64.zip" -o "awscliv2.zip"
unzip awscliv2.zip
sudo ./aws/install
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Creating AWS Profile

Now you can easily make an AWS CLI profile which we will use in aws.tf file as a profile. So let's see.

  • First of all log in with AWS CLI.
aws configure
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  • After running the above command, give your access key & secret key which you downloaded during the creating AWS IAM User.

aws configure

  • Now run the below command to make your profile and the same is here, give your access and secret key.
aws configure --profile profilename
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aws profile

⚠️ Also, you can check your profile with the help of the below command.

aws configure --list-profiles
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Now time is to move towards terraform code so make your workspace.
Note: I am following mentioned workspace for terraform staff for easy understanding so you also can follow this.

/root/hdp-project/terraform/aws/
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  • So create aws.tf file inside above mentioned and write the below code.
provider "aws" {
  region = "ap-south-1"
  profile = "hackcoderr"
}
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Here you can set any region at the place ap-south-1 according to your need and give your profile name instead of my profile hakcoderr.

Initializing terraform code

The terraform init command is used to initialize a working directory containing Terraform configuration files. This is the first command that should be run after writing a new Terraform configuration or cloning an existing one from version control. It is safe to run this command multiple times. You can initialize using terraform init.

terraform-init

Creating Amazon VPC

Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) enables you to launch AWS resources into a virtual network that you’ve defined. This virtual network closely resembles a traditional network that you’d operate in your own data center, with the benefits of using the scalable infrastructure of AWS.

resource "aws_vpc" "vpc" {
  cidr_block       = "192.168.0.0/16"
  instance_tenancy = "default"
  enable_dns_support   = "true"
  enable_dns_hostnames = "true"
  tags = {
    Name = "aws-heart-disease-predictor-vpc"
    Environment = "Production"
  }
}
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In the above code, you can choose Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) block range according to your desired and if you don't want to DNS support then you can write false to enable_dns_support. and give any tag as you want.

AWS VPC

Creating subnet

Subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network. The practice of dividing a network into two or more networks is called subnetting. AWS provides two types of subnetting one is Public which allows the internet to access the machine and another is private which is hidden from the internet.

resource "aws_subnet" "subnet-1a" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.vpc.id
  cidr_block = "192.168.0.0/24"
  availability_zone = "ap-south-1a"
  map_public_ip_on_launch = "true"

  tags = {
    Name = "aws-heart-disease-predictor-sunbet"
    Environment = "Production"
  }
}
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Here CIDR range should be under your VPC CIDR range otherwise it doesn't work and map_public_ip_on_launch is used to assign public IP to instance after launching, choose any availability_zone available your selected region. You can give tags for easy recognition after creating subnets.
AWS subnet

Creating Internet Gateway

An internet gateway serves two purposes: to provide a target in your VPC route tables for internet-routable traffic and to perform network address translation (NAT) for instances that have been assigned public IPv4 addresses.

resource "aws_internet_gateway" "gw" {
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpc.id

  tags = {
    Name = "aws-heart-disease-predictor-internet-gateway"
  }
}
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the above code will create your respective internet gateway. you need to specify on which VPC you want to create an internet gateway. Also, you can give a name using a tag block.
internet gateway

Creating route table

A routing table contains a set of rules, called routes, that are used to determine where network traffic from your subnet or gateway is directed.

resource "aws_route_table" "route_table" {
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpc.id

  route {

gateway_id = aws_internet_gateway.gw.id
    cidr_block = "0.0.0.0/0"
  }

    tags = {
    Name = "aws-heart-disease-predictor-route-table"
  }
}
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You need to create a routing table for the internet gateway you have created above. Here, I am allowing all the IP rage. So my ec2 instances can connect to the internet world. we need to give the vpc_id so that we can easily allocate the routing table to the respective VPC. You can specify the name of the routing table using a tag block.

Route table

Route Table Association To Subnets

We need to connect the routing table created for internet gateways to the respective subnets inside the vpc.

// Route Table Association
resource "aws_route_table_association" "route-association" {
  subnet_id      = aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id
  route_table_id = aws_route_table.route_table.id
}
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You need to specify which subnets you want to take to the public world. As if the subnets get associated(connected) to the Internet Gateway it will be a public subnet. But if you don’t associate subnets to the Internet gateway routing table then it will be known as private subnets. The instances which are launched in the private subnet are not able to connect from outside as it will not having public IP, also it will not be connected to the Internet Gateway. You need to specify the routing table for the association of the subnets. If you don’t specify the routing table in the above association block then the subnet will take the vpc’s route table. So if you want to take the ec2 instances to the public world then you need to specify the router in the above association block. It's upon you which IP range you want your ec2 instances to connect. Here I have to give 0.0.0.0/0 means I can access anything from the ec2 instances.

Creating Security Group

A security group acts as a virtual firewall for your EC2 instances to control incoming and outgoing traffic. If you don’t specify a security group, Amazon EC2 uses the default security group. You can add rules to each security group that allows traffic to or from its associated instances.

resource "aws_security_group" "SG" {
  name = "Heart-SG"
  vpc_id = "${aws_vpc.vpc.id}"
  ingress {
      from_port   = 0
      to_port     = 0
      protocol    = "-1"
      cidr_blocks = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
  }

 egress {
    from_port   = 0
    to_port     = 0
    protocol    = "-1"
    cidr_blocks = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
  }
  tags ={
    Environment = "Production"
    Name= "aws-heart-disease-predictor-SG"
  }

}
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The above will create a security group that works as a firewall. So which type of traffic want to engress& ingress you can set here. But I want to all types of traffic SO here I have given all traffic. -1 means all. from_port= 0 to_port=0 (0.0.0.0) that means we have disabled the firewall and(0.0.0.0/0) means all traffic I can able to access from this outbound rule. You can give the name of the respective Security Group.
aws sg

Creating code for AWS Instances

An EC2 instance is nothing but a virtual server in Amazon Web services terminology. It stands for Elastic Compute Cloud. It is a web service where an AWS subscriber can request and provision a compute server in the AWS cloud. AWS provides multiple instance types for the respective business needs of the user.

resource "aws_instance" "Ansible_Controller_Node" {
  ami           = "ami-0a9d27a9f4f5c0efc"
  instance_type = "t2.micro"
  subnet_id = "${aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id}"
  vpc_security_group_ids = ["${aws_security_group.SG.id}"]
  key_name = "key"
 tags ={
    Environment = "${var.environment_tag}"
    Name= "Ansible_Controller_Node"
  }
}


resource "aws_instance" "K8S_Master_Node" {
  ami           = "ami-04bde106886a53080"
  instance_type = "t2.medium"
  subnet_id = "${aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id}"
  vpc_security_group_ids = ["${aws_security_group.SG.id}"]
  key_name = "key"
 tags ={
    Environment = "${var.environment_tag}"
    Name= "K8S_Master_Node"
  }

}
resource "aws_instance" "K8S_Slave1_Node" {
  ami           = "ami-04bde106886a53080"
  instance_type = "t2.medium"
  subnet_id = "${aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id}"
  vpc_security_group_ids = ["${aws_security_group.SG.id}"]
  key_name = "key"
 tags ={
    Environment = "${var.environment_tag}"
    Name= "K8S_Slave1_Node"
  }

}
resource "aws_instance" "K8S_Slave2_Node" {
  ami           = "ami-04bde106886a53080"
  instance_type = "t2.medium"
  subnet_id = "${aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id}"
  vpc_security_group_ids = ["${aws_security_group.SG.id}"]
  key_name = "key"
 tags ={
    Environment = "${var.environment_tag}"
    Name= "K8S_Slave2_Node"
  }

}
resource "aws_instance" "JenkinsNode" {
  ami           = "ami-0a9d27a9f4f5c0efc"
  instance_type = "t2.micro"
  subnet_id = "${aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id}"
  vpc_security_group_ids = ["${aws_security_group.SG.id}"]
  key_name = "key"
 tags ={
    Environment = "${var.environment_tag}"
    Name= "JenkinsNode"
  }

}

resource "aws_instance" "DockerNode" {
  ami           = "ami-0a9d27a9f4f5c0efc"
  instance_type = "t2.micro"
  subnet_id = "${aws_subnet.subnet-1a.id}"
  vpc_security_group_ids = ["${aws_security_group.SG.id}"]
  key_name = "key"
 tags ={
    Environment = "${var.environment_tag}"
    Name= "DockerNode"
  }
}
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The above will launch EC2 instance so ami count and instance_type you can choose according to your desired and write tags as you want.

Note: If you want to see complete code at a time then go through my git repo.
https://github.com/hackcoderr/heart-diseases-predictor/blob/master/terraform/aws/aws.tf

Build and deploy the infrastructure

With your Terraform template created, the first step is to initialize Terraform. This step ensures that Terraform has all the prerequisites to build your template in Azure.

terraform init
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The next step is to have Terraform review and validate the template. This step compares the requested resources to the state information saved by Terraform and then outputs the planned execution. The Azure resources aren't created at this point.

terraform plan
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If everything looks correct and you're ready to build the infrastructure in Azure, apply the template in Terraform.

terraform apply
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Once Terraform completes, your VM infrastructure is ready.

Microsoft Azure

It's also a public cloud provider and provides resources and services as AWS provides. So hopefully, you have an idea about it otherwise you want to more about it then visit mentioned link.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Azure

Install Azure CLI

Here, we have to also install Azure CLI for the Azure profile So that run the terraform code for azure. So If you're using RHEL, CentOS, or Fedora as a linux then run the below commands otherwise follow this link.

sudo rpm --import https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc
echo -e "[azure-cli]
name=Azure CLI
baseurl=https://packages.microsoft.com/yumrepos/azure-cli
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc" | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/azure-cli.repo
sudo dnf install azure-cli -y
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So let's check the Azure CLI version just for confirmation.
Alt Text

Login with Azure through CLI

When we will work terraform, we have to provide the azure credentials for the Azure profile so that we can login with azure. so there are many ways to login with it and Azure CLI is one of them that I am going to use. So let's move ahead and login.

az login
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As you will type the above command, yellow-colored instructions will come up. So browse the given URL that I have underlined with red color. After it, a window will pop up and give the given Code. Now you can see your azure credentials on your CLI.

Note: If you get more than one subscription id then you can simply select one id with the below command.

az account set --subscription "My Demos"
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So now time is to move towards writing the terraform code.

Configure the Microsoft Azure Provider

The provider section tells Terraform to use an Azure provider. It will use your azure credentials like subscription_id, client_id, client_secret, and tenant_id behind the scene.

provider "azurerm" {
    features {}
}
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Create a resource group

A resource group is a container that holds related resources for an Azure solution. The resource group can include all the resources for the solution, or only those resources that you want to manage as a group.

resource "azurerm_resource_group" "hdp-rg" {
    name     = "Azure-HDP-ResourceGroup"
    location = "Central India"

    tags = {
        Name = "Azure-HDP-RG"
        environment = "Production"
    }
}
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The above section creates a resource group named Azure-HDP-ResourceGroup in the Central India location. But these things you can manage according to your desire.

hdp-rg

Create a virtual network

It has the same concept as AWS VPC so let understand the template code for it.

resource "azurerm_virtual_network" "hdp-vnet" {
    name                = "Azure-HDP-Vnet"
    address_space       = ["192.168.0.0/16"]
    location            = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name

    tags = {
        Name = "Azure-HDP-VNet"
        environment = "Production"
    }
}
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The above section creates a virtual network named Azure-HDP-Vnet in the 192.168.0.0/16 address space.

VNet

Create subnet

It also works as AWS Subnet so let's see code directly.

resource "azurerm_subnet" "hdp-subnet" {
    name                 = "Azure-HDP-Subnet"
    resource_group_name  = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
    virtual_network_name = azurerm_virtual_network.hdp-vnet.name
    address_prefixes       = ["192.168.0.0/24"]
}
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The above section creates a subnet named Azure-HDP-Subnet in the Azure-HDP-Vnet virtual network.

azure-subnet

Create public IP address

To access resources across the Internet, create and assign a public IP address to your VM. So I'm going to 3 VM's that's why I will need 3 Public IPs.

resource "azurerm_public_ip" "hdp-publicip-1" {
    name                         = "Azure-HDP-PublicIP-1"
    location                     = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name          = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
    allocation_method            = "Dynamic"

    tags = {
        Name = "HDP-Public-IP-1"
        environment = "Production"
    }
}

resource "azurerm_public_ip" "hdp-publicip-2" {
    name                         = "Azure-HDP-PublicIP-2"
    location                     = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name          = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
    allocation_method            = "Dynamic"

    tags = {
        Name = "HDP-Public-IP-2"
        environment = "Production"
    }
}

resource "azurerm_public_ip" "hdp-publicip-3" {
    name                         = "Azure-HDP-PublicIP-3"
    location                     = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name          = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
    allocation_method            = "Dynamic"

    tags = {
        Name = "HDP-Public-IP-3"
        environment = "Production"
    }
}
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The above section creates 3 public IP address named Azure-HDP-PublicIP-1 and so on.

Create Network Security Group

Network Security Groups control the flow of network traffic in and out of your VM.

resource "azurerm_network_security_group" "hdp-sg" {
    name                = "Azure-HDP-SG"
    location            = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name

    security_rule {
        name                       = "SSH"
        priority                   = 1001
        direction                  = "Inbound"
        access                     = "Allow"
        protocol                   = "Tcp"
        source_port_range          = "*"
        destination_port_range     = "22"
        source_address_prefix      = "*"
        destination_address_prefix = "*"
    }

    tags = {
        Name = "Azure-HDP-SG"
        environment = "Production"
    }
}
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The above section creates a network security group named Azure-HDP-SG and defines a rule to allow SSH traffic on TCP port 22.

Create virtual network interface card.

A virtual network interface card (NIC) connects your VM to a given virtual network, public IP address, and network security group.

resource "azurerm_network_interface" "hdp-nic-1" {
    name                      = "myNIC-1"
    location                  = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name       = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name

    ip_configuration {
        name                          = "myNicConfiguration"
        subnet_id                     = azurerm_subnet.hdp-subnet.id
        private_ip_address_allocation = "Dynamic"
        public_ip_address_id          = azurerm_public_ip.hdp-publicip-1.id
    }

    tags = {
        Name = "HDP-NIC-1"
        Environment = "Production"
    }
}

resource "azurerm_network_interface" "hdp-nic-2" {
    name                      = "myNIC-2"
    location                  = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name       = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name

    ip_configuration {
        name                          = "myNicConfiguration"
        subnet_id                     = azurerm_subnet.hdp-subnet.id
        private_ip_address_allocation = "Dynamic"
        public_ip_address_id          = azurerm_public_ip.hdp-publicip-2.id
    }

    tags = {
        Name = "HDP-NIC-2"
        Environment = "Production"
    }
}

resource "azurerm_network_interface" "hdp-nic-3" {
    name                      = "myNIC-3"
    location                  = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
    resource_group_name       = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name

    ip_configuration {
        name                          = "myNicConfiguration"
        subnet_id                     = azurerm_subnet.hdp-subnet.id
        private_ip_address_allocation = "Dynamic"
        public_ip_address_id          = azurerm_public_ip.hdp-publicip-3.id
    }

    tags = {
        Name = "HDP-NIC-3"
        Environment = "Production"
    }
}
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The above section in a Terraform template creates 3 virtual NIC named myNIC-1 and so no, connected to the virtual networking resources you've created.

Connect the security group to the network interface

Now you can connect your nic cards with the security group which you have created.

resource "azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association" "hdp-nic-sg-1" {
    network_interface_id      = azurerm_network_interface.hdp-nic-1.id
    network_security_group_id = azurerm_network_security_group.hdp-sg.id
}

resource "azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association" "hdp-nic-sg-2" {
    network_interface_id      = azurerm_network_interface.hdp-nic-2.id
    network_security_group_id = azurerm_network_security_group.hdp-sg.id
}

resource "azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association" "hdp-nic-sg-3" {
    network_interface_id      = azurerm_network_interface.hdp-nic-3.id
    network_security_group_id = azurerm_network_security_group.hdp-sg.id
}
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The above section in a Terraform template creates 3 security group associations connected to the nic cards you've created.

nic card

Create the virtual machines

The final step is to create VMs and use all the resources created. So you see here 3 VMs named as az-hdp-vm-1 and so no.

 resource "azurerm_virtual_machine" "main-1" {
  name                  = "az-hdp-vm-1"
  location              = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
  resource_group_name   = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
  network_interface_ids = [azurerm_network_interface.hdp-nic-1.id]
  vm_size               = "Standard_DS1_v2"
  delete_os_disk_on_termination = true
  delete_data_disks_on_termination = true

  storage_image_reference {
    publisher = "RedHat"
    offer     = "RHEL"
    sku       = "8.1"
    version   = "latest"
  }
  storage_os_disk {
    name              = "hdp-disk-1"
    caching           = "ReadWrite"
    create_option     = "FromImage"
    managed_disk_type = "Standard_LRS"
  }
  os_profile {
    computer_name  = "hostname"
    admin_username = "hdpAdmin"
    admin_password = "Password1234!"
  }
  os_profile_linux_config {
    disable_password_authentication = false
  }

  tags = {
    Name = "Az-HDP-Slave-1"
    Environment = "Production"
  }
}


resource "azurerm_virtual_machine" "main-2" {
  name                  = "az-hdp-vm-2"
  location              = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
  resource_group_name   = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
  network_interface_ids = [azurerm_network_interface.hdp-nic-2.id]
  vm_size               = "Standard_DS1_v2"
  delete_os_disk_on_termination = true
  delete_data_disks_on_termination = true

  storage_image_reference {
    publisher = "RedHat"
    offer     = "RHEL"
    sku       = "8.1"
    version   = "latest"
  }
  storage_os_disk {
    name              = "hdp-disk-2"
    caching           = "ReadWrite"
    create_option     = "FromImage"
    managed_disk_type = "Standard_LRS"
  }
  os_profile {
    computer_name  = "hostname"
    admin_username = "hdpAdmin"
    admin_password = "Password1234!"
  }
  os_profile_linux_config {
    disable_password_authentication = false
  }
  tags = {
    Name = "Az-HDP-Slave-2"
    Environment = "Production"
  }
}


resource "azurerm_virtual_machine" "main-3" {
  name                  = "az-hdp-vm-3"
  location              = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.location
  resource_group_name   = azurerm_resource_group.hdp-rg.name
  network_interface_ids = [azurerm_network_interface.hdp-nic-3.id]
  vm_size               = "Standard_DS1_v2"
  delete_os_disk_on_termination = true
  delete_data_disks_on_termination = true

  storage_image_reference {
    publisher = "RedHat"
    offer     = "RHEL"
    sku       = "8.1"
    version   = "latest"
  }
  storage_os_disk {
    name              = "hdp-disk-3"
    caching           = "ReadWrite"
    create_option     = "FromImage"
    managed_disk_type = "Standard_LRS"
  }
 os_profile {
    computer_name  = "hostname"
    admin_username = "hdpAdmin"
    admin_password = "Password1234!"
  }
  os_profile_linux_config {
    disable_password_authentication = false
  }
  tags = {
    Name = "Az-HDP-Slave-3"
    Environment = "Production"
  }
}
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The above section creates 3 VMs named az-hdp-vm-1 and az-hdp-vm-2 and az-hdp-vm-3 and attaches the virtual NICs named myNIC-1, myNIC-2 and myNIC-3 respectlly. The latest RHEL 8.1 image is used, and a user named azureuser is created.

azure vm

Build and deploy the infrastructure

With your Terraform template created, the first step is to initialize Terraform. This step ensures that Terraform has all the prerequisites to build your template in Azure.

terraform init
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The next step is to have Terraform review and validate the template. This step compares the requested resources to the state information saved by Terraform and then outputs the planned execution. The Azure resources aren't created at this point.

terraform plan
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If everything looks correct and you're ready to build the infrastructure in Azure, apply the template in Terraform.

terraform apply
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Once Terraform completes, your VM infrastructure is ready.

Creating Machine learning Model:

Here now, we have to create a machine learning model. As the dataset is of classification problem then we have to choose classification algorithms. Here i trained the model with Logistic Regression, RandomForestClassifier, DecisionTree Classsifier, GradientBoostingClassifier.

Logistic Regression:

from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
lr_model=LogisticRegression()
lr_model.fit(X_train, y_train)
lr_y_model= lr_model.predict(X_test)
lr_y_model
from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score
print("Logistic Regression Accuracy: ", accuracy_score(y_test, lr_y_model))
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Logistic Regression Accuracy:  0.9180327868852459/opt/conda/lib/python3.7/site-packages/sklearn/linear_model/_logistic.py:765: ConvergenceWarning: lbfgs failed to converge (status=1):
STOP: TOTAL NO. of ITERATIONS REACHED LIMIT.

Increase the number of iterations (max_iter) or scale the data as shown in:
    https://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/preprocessing.html
Please also refer to the documentation for alternative solver options:
    https://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/linear_model.html#logistic-regression
  extra_warning_msg=_LOGISTIC_SOLVER_CONVERGENCE_MSG)
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RandomForestClassifier:

from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier
rfc_model = RandomForestClassifier(n_estimators=10000, max_depth=100)
rfc_model
rfc_model.fit(X_train, y_train)
rfc_y_pred = rfc_model.predict(X_test)
rfc_y_pred
from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score
print("Random Forest Accuracy: ", accuracy_score(y_test, rfc_y_pred))
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Random Forest Accuracy: 0.7704918032786885

DecisionTreeClasssifier:

from sklearn.tree import DecisionTreeClassifier
dt_model = DecisionTreeClassifier()
dt_model.fit(X_train, y_train)
dt_y_pred=dt_model.predict(X_test)dt_y_pred
from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score
print("Decision Tree Accuracy: ", accuracy_score(y_test, dt_y_pred))
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Decision Tree Accuracy: 0.6721311475409836

GradientBoostingClassifier:

from sklearn.ensemble import GradientBoostingClassifier
GB_model = GradientBoostingClassifier(n_estimators=1000)
GB_model.fit(X_train, y_train)
y_pred_GB = GB_model.predict(X_test)
y_pred_GB
from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score
accuracy_score(y_test, y_pred_GB)
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GradientBoostingClassifer Accuracy: 0.7868852459016393
From the above model creation and comparision Logistic Regression is giving much accuracy but i am taking model of Random Forest and saving it to .h5 extension.

Saving RandomForestClassifier Model:

import joblib
joblib_file = "LogisticRegression_Heart_Prediction.h5"
joblib.dump(lr_model, joblib_file)
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This above code will create a file named RandomForest_Heart_Prediction.h5 and we have to use this model while create a docker image in which flask we have to install. Below is the code for dockerfile. Code link→

Complete code my machine learning model:

https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1hr2igd-gjnjGn335g8VWosY5i1LuEDZY

Now we need to build the image using below dockerfile code.

FROM centos:latestRUN yum install python3  python3-devel   gcc-c++ -y && \
    python3 -m pip install --upgrade --force-reinstall pip && \
    yum install sudo -y && \
    yum install --assumeyes  python3-pip && \
    pip install keras && \
    pip install tensorflow --no-cache-dir  tensorflow && \
    pip install --upgrade pip tensorflow && \
    pip3 install flask && \
    pip3 install joblib && \
    pip3 install sklearn && \
    mkdir  /heart_app &&  \
    mkdir /heart_app/templatesCOPY  LogisticRegression_Heart_Prediction.h5    /heart_app
COPY  app.py  /heart_app
COPY  myform.html  /heart_app/templates
COPY  result.html   /heart_app/templates
EXPOSE  4444
WORKDIR  /heart_app
CMD export FLASK_APP=app.py
ENTRYPOINT flask  run --host=0.0.0.0    --port=4444
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To build the docker image use below command. docker build -t image_name:version .

My Docker image link:

https://hub.docker.com/repository/docker/hackcoderr/heart-diseases-predictor

Ansible

Ansible is an open-source software provisioning, configuration management, and application-deployment tool enabling infrastructure as code.

Install Ansible

I'm going to install an ansible setup AWS Instance named ansible-controller-node which I have launched before. So run mentioned commands.

sudo yum install python3 git -y
git clone https://github.com/hackcoderr/Ansible-Setup.git
cd Ansible-Setup/
python3 script.py
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname ansible-controller
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Note: If you want to know more about it then you can visit my Ansible Steup Repository.

Rest Explanation

please visit the mentioned link for rest one and see its README.md file.
https://github.com/hackcoderr/heart-diseases-predictor

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