Staring 2021, announcement of the first public working draft [FPWD] WCAG 3.0 came out. This is one of the most ambitious projects. In this blog I will share about:
- What is 3.0
- 2x vs 3.0
- What's Next
|1.0||1st Verison||1998||Write Accessibile HTML|
|2.0||Public draft||2001||HTML, Flash, Director, and more. Any document on digital to make accessible|
|2.0||Recommendation||2008||HTML, Flash, Director, and more. Any document on digital to make accessible|
|2.1||Public draft||Feb 2017||Focus on cognitive disabilities, low vision, and accessibility of mobile devices.|
|2.1||Recommendation||Feb 2018||Focus on cognitive disabilities, low vision, and accessibility of mobile devices.|
|2.2||Public Draft||Feb 2020||Focus on testing|
|2.2||Recommendation||Somewhere 2021||Focus on testing|
|3.0||Public Draft||2020||Gaps on 2.x|
WCAG 3.0 is also known as project 'silver'. The name comes from 'accessibility guidelines' (AG), the chemical symbol of AG is 'silver'.Hence, project 'Silver'. IN 2016, a team 'Silver task force' is set up to research and do development of the new version of accessibility guidelines.
The research focused on what is missing from 2.X. This results in requirements of Silver document
WCAG3.0 is a complete rewrite of the previous guidelines to embrace smart devices such as smart tv, smartwatches, etc. as well as easy to understand and support more disabilities.
Version 1.0 got released in 1998. The first-ever document for web accessibility to help web developers to write accessible HTML. Since then there were a few updates to meet the ever-changing environment which introduce us to the 2.X series.
3.0 is a complete re-write of the 2.x. The reason for introducing the 3.0 is to:
1) Easy: Easier to understand and learn the guidelines
2) Support to more disability: Allow different types of guidelines to support more disability needs.
3) Flexibility: Provide more flexibility for the guidelines to keep up with the new technologies
4) Better Measurement: Have conformance to guidelines better reflect real-world accessibility, including making allowances for bugs and other low-impact issues.
WCAG 3.0 the word 'web content' removed from the name because WCAG 3.0 promised to be a more all-encompassing set of guidelines for digital content eg: VR, and other devices such
as smartphones, TVs, etc.
WCAG 3 is substantially different from the WCAG 2.x series. Below are the changes WCAG 3.0 introduced:
Principles from the WCAG 3.0 is dropped.
An outcome in WCAG 3.0 is a statement about the need of certain users for specific types of content.
Outcomes are not true or false like in 2.x's success criteria. However, outcomes are the score based from 0 (poor) to 4 (excellent). These scores can then be combined with the scores of other outcomes to determine the level of accessibility. This allows for a website to have some issues while still meeting a level of conformance.
3) Critical Errors
In addition to a rating, each outcome defines what is considered a critical error for that outcome. For example, a critical error for text alternatives of images is images without a text alternative which prevent a user from completing a task. A website can have a small number of accessibility errors, but if it has any critical errors it does not conform to WCAG 3.0 at any level.
Each outcome includes one or more methods. There are 3 types of methods. The methods include detailed information on how to meet the outcome, code samples, working examples, resources, as well as information about testing and scoring the method.
1) All: Methods that apply across all technologies.
2) Technology Specific: Methods that apply to one of a predetermined list of technologies such as HTML, PDF, or VR. When technology-specific methods are provided, the outcomes will also include one or more fallback methods.
3) Fallback: Methods that apply to emerging or proprietary technology and for technology that does not yet have a method written
5) Conformance Levels
Instead of using levels A, AA, and AAA, WCAG 3.0 has the conformance levels bronze, silver, and gold.
Bronze is equivalent to level A + AA of WCAG 2.1.
|AREAS||WCAG 2.x||WCAG 3|
|Level||A, AA, AAA||Bronze, Silver, Gold|
|Success criteria||Success Criteria||Outcomes|
|Non-interference requirements||Non-interference requirements||Critical Errors|
The goal of the WCAG 3.0 working draft is to get feedback from the community. WCAG 3.0 is still very new and it is in the draft. It will be ready by 2023. As of now, it is not recommended to move to 3.0 at all.
Credits: WC3 website