Just started your career and want to know all the steps you would need to successfully make it up the career ladder? Worried if you are on the right track? This complete guide has the answers.
This article highlights that journey from junior developer to senior manager. It breaks down the qualities required at each step (junior developer, middle manager, and senior manager) and how you can check if you possess these qualities.
What Does A Junior Developer Do?
Being a Junior Software Developer can be a rewarding and financially fulfilling job. A Junior Developer is a Software Developer at the entry-level position who assists the development team in all aspects of coding and software design. The primary role includes:
- Writing basic code
- Fixing bugs
- Learning the codebase
- Attending design meetings
- Assisting the development manager in all design-related tasks
The Skills That You Will Need
As a junior software engineer, your employer does not expect you to have the same level of expertise as a mid or senior level developer or programmer. You likely possess some crucial qualities, most of which are soft skills.
This does not mean that you can not improve and perform beyond your job description.
For instance you can access an open-source community of security experts from around the globe through OSWAP to help you understand the vulnerabilities, threats, and attacks you should be aware of and how to counter them.
Soft Skills are non-technical skills unrelated to your particular area of specialization. They do, however, relate to how you work. For instance, how you engage in problem-solving, connect to your colleagues, and manage your work. Soft skills make it easier to work alongside you full-time.
The skills you should aim to develop include:
- Analytical and problem-solving skills
- Being a team player
- Be competent
- Ability to learn
- Time management skills
- Be hardworking
- Have communication skills
- Be professional
- Pay attention to details
- You can visualize the bigger picture
On the flip side, hard skills are the intellectual abilities or know-how or technical skills you get through practice, repetition, and education. You are expected to be competent in software development, computer programming and codes, and object-oriented design (OOD) for junior developers.
You are considering climbing the corporate pole, but you are unsure if you are ready. Below is a checklist to aid you in determining if you are prepared.
You should consider the challenge of having extra responsibility. You can determine this by assessing if you enjoy taking on work outside your current duties. Do you view responsibility as a burden or an opportunity?
Do you have strong organizational skills? As you rise the career ladder, bear in mind that you will likely be dealing with more reports and budgets.
How do others respond to your leadership? If you are approached for solutions or advice, that is positive. It means that you stand out as someone reliable or an expert. It would help observe how colleagues or clients respond when you take charge.
Are you prepared to travel or move? Holding a managerial position will sometimes require you to travel, or you may need to move to another city where your company's head office is located.
6 Do you have a confidant or mentor, or have you studied the career path of others who inspire you to provide a guide? Having someone who has first-hand experience can help you figure out where you want to go.
You Are Ready. Here Is What You Should Do:
You have checked all the points above, and you are confident that you are ready to rise the ranks. How do you go about that?
Firstly, it is essential to make a plan. Just like with goal setting, you must outline a roadmap on how you will achieve your next career goal. You can start with a short-term strategy or establish a long-term plan; either way, it is vital to be clear on how you envisioned this rise.
Secondly, ensure that you are networking. Knowing people is vital for your career. It is critical to interact with online and in-person people when you have a job. This makes it easier for you to get mentors and connections to reach out to when you need your career path to shift.
Thirdly, you should be prepared to go above and beyond at work. You must be ready to do more than just the bare minimum. You need to ensure that you contribute more and set yourself up as the go-to person. It is also crucial that you work smart just as much as you work hard.
Fourthly, look beyond your job description. Search for opportunities where you can help wherever you can; however you can, or whenever you can.
Lastly, establish yourself as an asset to your company. Study and follow the industry leaders in software development. Constantly try to build upon your skills and learn new things. Marketing for customers is a skill that you can nurture, as it helps you understand what your clients are interested in.
What Does a Middle-Level Developer Do?
The top management positions are expected to focus on the company's overall strategy and long-term planning. Mid-level developers concentrate on interactions with employers and the day-to-day functioning of a development team. You will be expected to ensure that your team is equipped with all the tools they need for Unit Testing and API testing.
Middle managers deal with everyday issues at a particular business site or within a particular department within the company. Some typical duties and responsibilities of middle-level managers are:
- To write and maintain a code.
- Analyze and implement best coding practices into the project code.
- Analyze technical requirements of the project and adapt the code in line with them.
- Identifying and developing areas for revisions in current projects.
- Executing and implementing software tests, through the use of service virtualization tools.
- Good grasp on programming languages.
- Developing quality assurance procedures for software projects.
- Analyzing the needs of users and designers, QA testers, and other software development team members.
- Developing quality assurance procedures.
- Coordinate the efforts and cooperate with other developers, designers, system and business analysts.
- Document all parts of the development process for further work and maintenance .
The Skills That You Need:
An excellent middle manager requires the following soft skills:
- Excellent listening skills
- Excellent communication skills
- Be consistent and reliable.
- Be trustworthy
- Empathetic and Sensitive
- Be rewarding and recognize the efforts made by subordinates.
- Be willing to change for the better.
- Be empowering and motivate your team.
- Have conflict resolution skills
- Decision-making skills
- Have the drive to set goals
A mid-level developer has around 2-4 years of prior experience and is expected to be a fully-functional programmer able to write their code while helping the senior members out. You require little to no supervision and are expected to write most of the codebase. The skill set that is expected include:
- You are expected to have at least 2-3 years as a Java developer.
- Have solid knowledge of the frameworks for building web projects (Maven, Gradle), frameworks for enterprise projects (Spring, Hibernate, Spring Boot), and tools for unit testing (JUnit, Mockito). They act as front-end developers.
- Come up with new approaches and implement new technologies.
- Know how to program high-volume and low-latency systems meant for extensive scaling.
- Ability to clearly and concisely communicate with both technical and non-technical customers.
To best deliver on what is expected of you it is crucial that you hold knowledge on components such as The Motor Industry Software Reliability Association (MISRA) which refers to the widely adopted and legendary coding standard for C and C++ languages.
Do you have an adequate level of influence within your organization? If you want to become a senior manager, you must exhibit influence without looking arrogant.
Do you have an interest in personal development? It would be best to build your brand by encouraging yourself and those around you to constantly improve and learn more about their job, the industry, competitors, and emerging trends.
Have you established a working relationship with your subordinates and colleagues? You must be a people person; your team members should consider you an empathetic and understanding team member. You should be promoting and acknowledging individual contributors on your team.
What kind of feedback do your subordinates provide? You must understand if those who have worked under your guidance have any positive or negative things to share. This can help you improve.
Do those around you view you as a leader? You can verify this by examining whether people approach you for advice. Are you the go-to figure when decisions are being made?
Below are a few ways to ensure that you transition smoothly from middle to the next level - senior software engineer.
Firstly, you must understand the new position and what is expected of you in the new role. You must not limit yourself to your previously held part; examine what new responsibilities and how they differ from a middle manager's. It would be best if you also had a plan of action derived from understanding the goals you are expected to achieve.
Secondly, shift your focus from short-term goals to long-term endeavors. As a senior developer, the day-to-day running is no longer your responsibility; instead, you are expected to make decisions that have long-lasting effects on the company. You are also likely to engage the entire company at this level. You are no longer looking at a single team but the whole collection, so it is crucial to consider the larger picture.
Thirdly, commit to self-improvement. The advisable way to lead others is by being competent yourself. Hence it is crucial that you are always open to learning and improving yourself. Always lookout for the emerging trends in the industry to help you keep your company ahead.
Fourthly, it is crucial that you can trust yourself. Trust yourself to make the right calls and engage with mentors and colleagues to reach a sound decision. Sometimes it is challenging to have confidence in a new position, but remember there is a reason you have successfully attained that position.
Lastly, It is critical that you can maintain old relationships. Keep up cordial and professional relations because networks help you navigate your new job better. This new position does not mean that you should do away with your colleagues or subordinates.
What Does An Upper Level Manager Do?
Senior level developers like CTOs (Chief Technology Officers) plan and direct a group of individuals within a department. The role of a senior manager is to supervise those individuals to ensure that business operations are running efficiently and that each individual's performance meets company and industry standards. A senior developer acts as a project manager or team lead.
The soft skills that you will need as a senior manager are:
- Senior leadership skills
- Good decision-making skills
- Emotional Intelligence
- Motivating your team
- Excellent communication and presentation skills
- You can delegate tasks
The nurturing and identification of talent is critical for any tech company to grow. The hard skills expected of a senior manager are: it is vital that you can adequately engage in employee development. It would be best if you were an expert, for instance, as an engineering manager, through years of experience and educational background (computer science). Finally, have a good grasp on changing management skills.
Different companies have different job descriptions for the title of senior management meaning you have varying responsibilities depending on the company. Is the company a startup or an established large company like Microsoft? However, you have gotten to where you wanted, and now you wonder what next?
It is vital to ensure that you have left your mark in your field, as you have gone up the corporate pole, engaged other developers and built up talent. What milestones would you like to have achieved? You can establish yourself as a mentor for those behind you, offering them advice from your experience. This is also a chance to build your company and be innovative, introduce new ideas and improve older systems to make them more effective.
To successfully move along the corporate ladder it is crucial that you have developed your soft skills (non-technical skills) and hard skills (technical skills). As a developer this means that you will need interpersonal skills as well as a good grasp on software development. Ensure that you meet the checklists outlined above - and that you are ready for the additional responsibility that comes with advancing in your career.
If the signs listed above ring true for you, you must start believing in yourself and push for that promotion. Whatever level of your career you are at or what career goals you have, it is always important to remember that you can rise the corporate ladder.