Ladies and gentlemen, Deepfake videos are so easy to create, that anyone can make one. You do not need a PhD, and you don’t have to train models for hours, you don’t even have to take a course on Generative Adversarial Network.
All that you have to do is, to record a video of yourself, and pick one photo of a person you want to impersonate. Machine learning will animate the person in the picture the way you want it in your video.
Image animation aims to generate video sequences such that the person in the source image is animated according to the motion of a video.
This technology lies within the field of computer vision, and academic researchers have been working on to produce more realistic videos. It leverages on machine learning to manipulate and generate visual images or videos that replaces a person with someone else’s.
First Order Motion Model for Image Animation [by Aliaksandr]
His work outperforms state of the art on all the benchmarks, and it works on a variety of images (faces, body, cartoon and robot). The model is so flexible that you can create good quality Deepfakes with a single image of the target object.
Its ability to learn the facial movements is unbelievable. You can see that it can identify key points on the face, and it follows these key points to the movements in the video very well.
Model learns to identify key points [by Aliaksandr]
In previous works, we need additional information such as facial landmarks to map head movement and pose estimation to map full-body movement.
Past works require facial landmarks and pose estimation [by Aliaksandr]
In this work, it can work without using any annotation or prior information about the specific object to animate. Once the model has trained on faces, the model can transfer any motion onto any faces.
You can record a video of yourself and animate the person in the photo. Yes, even a painting portrait of Mona Lisa.
You can look up and turn your head around. You can say something, and the mouth movements look great. You can roll your eyes, and it maps the eye movements nicely onto the target video.
Generated head movements [by Aliaksandr]
It works for videos with full-body movement as well! Theoretically, this means that you can take the Billie Jean video and make Donald Trump do moonwalk like Michael Jackson.
Generated full-body movements [by Aliaksandr]
As the person covers the part of the image, the algorithm needs to figure out the background behind the person. In this work, it automatically generates the background that is covered by the moving person — absolutely fantastic.
Aliaksandr work consists of the motion extractor which learns to extract key points along with their local affine transformations. There is a generator network that models occlusions in the target motions and combines the appearance extracted from the source image and the motion derived from the driving video.
First Order Motion Model [from paper]
Want to make your own? Check out this Colab notebook.
Deepfakes have garnered widespread attention for their uses in fake news, frauds, scams, and many other illegal activities.
People used to share their Deepfakes videos which they have created in the subreddit, r/deepfakes. Many of these videos are swapping celebrities faces, such as Gal Gadot and Taylor Swift, onto pornography performers’ bodies.
Many Deepfakes videos are also shared depicting politicians. It has affected politics by being authoritarian governments to spread false information, hate and fear.
This technology has concerned both industry and government to control and limit the use of Deepfakes. In February 2018, Reddit suspended r/deepfakes for violating policies. In June 2019, it elicited attention from the government to combat the spread of disinformation through the limitation of Deepfakes video alteration technology.
Knowing that there are people around the world who will abuse this technology. You may ask, why am I writing about this? Why am I spreading this knowledge?
Since in this current day and age, anyone can create fake videos easily, such generative models aren’t science fiction anymore. I aim to educate the public so that people know about the existence of such technology. By understanding its existence, people can be aware and pay more attention to discerning between real and fake.
Fake news is part of the fabric of today’s internet, now with Deepfakes easily assessable; this has brought disinformation to a whole new level. It has affected politics by spreading false information. It has led to people exploited by scammers who are using it to cheat money online.
The world is already in a mess right now due to coronavirus; I am not sure how people will abuse this technology at such times. Deepfakes, as a form of disinformation, are dangerous. We need to educate people about technology, and people need to discern the truth rather than just believing what we see.