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Ladybug Podcast

CSS Cheat Sheets!

aspittel profile image Ali Spittel Updated on ・2 min read

We all know that Peter Griffin Family Guy gif of him unable to work some blinds. This gif is always associated with the frustrations of CSS. Something changes, then something breaks. Why do people have these issues? How can you improve your CSS skills? What are the key concepts that you need to understand to write clean, maintainable styles?

This week on the Ladybug Podcast, we talked all about the nuances of CSS -- what it is, how it works, and how to get better at it.

And, we made you all some cheat sheets to remember it all!

Shoutout to Emma for making these!

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The Box Model

The content is in the center.<br>
This is surrounded by padding.<br>
Then comes the border.<br>
And finally margin!

Combinators

Descendant selector: You can use a space to denote a descendant selector. This matches all elements which are descendants of a specified element.<br>
Child selector: Use a greater than symbol (>) to select all elements that are immediate children of a specified element.<br>
Adjacent sibling selector: Use a plus sign (+) to select all elements that are adjacent siblings of a specified element. They must have the same parent and immediately follow this element.<br>
General sibling selector: Use a tilde (~) to select all elements that are siblings of an element.

Positioning

Static: the default positioning of HTML elements.<br>
Fixed: Element is positioned relative to the viewport and stays in the same place even if the page is scrolled. It’s also removed from the document flow. So elements in the DOM pretend like it’s not even there!<br>
Relative: Element is positioned relative to its normal position.<br>
Absolute: Element is positioned relative to the nearest relatively positioned ancestor. If no ancestor with position of relative is found, the element positions against the document body.

Display

Block: Starts on a new line and spans the entire width.<br>
Examples: h1 - h6 and p elements<br>
Inline: Displays inline with other elements. Any height and width properties, as well as margin-top and margin-bottom have no effect.<br>
Examples: a and span elements<br>
Inline-Block: The element is an inline element, but can be formatted with width, height and top and bottom margin.<br>
Example: a tag with width/height properties

You can listen to the full episode wherever you listen to podcasts!

Also, check out our second CSS episode, where we dove even deeper into discussing layouts, animations, and best practices!

We have more cheat sheets for that episode too!

Posted on by:

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Ali Spittel

@aspittel

Passionate about education, Python, JavaScript, and code art.

Ladybug Podcast

Listen to Kelly Vaughn, Ali Spittel, and Emma Bostian debug the tech industry.

Discussion

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I used to hate CSS but the more I learn about it... The more I love it. I think people don't usually like it because they don't understand it. Most developers don't really know the power of CSS 😄
This cheat sheet is really well made and simple. Thank you so much! 👍

 

Lol I hate it but I will take a break and be patient with css once you learn it you start loving it ,is frustrating

 

This is so good! Thank you for putting these together! Bookmarking this for easy reference.

 
 
 

Great listen! Learned a few things.

 

Nice to see you trying different professions! (Stephen A Smith) 😄

 

Positioning used to confuse the hell out of me back when I was learning CSS for the first time

 
 

Thanks for the cheat sheet. I have a love/hate relationship with css. Today I love it!

 

Awesome illustrations of properties.

 
 

These are amazing!!! Thank you for sharing them

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Is there a link to the cheatsheet? I don't see it in the article or it's not obvious to me. Thanks :-)

 
 
 

I apologise in advance for this, but it seemed appropriate:

flexboxfroggy.com/

 
 

I wonder how cheatsheets are fun way to learn than official API docs :D

 

Amazing.. Sometimes I use this to entangled the CSS jsonformatter.org/css-beautifier

 
 
 
 
 
 

These look great! Are you looking for people to submit their own tips / "cheats" to add to this?