Remembering many git commands and also doing it in the terminal can be hard if you don't have too much practice. Graphical User Interfaces (GUI's) can make your life easier and improve your productivity. One of that is the Sourcetree.
Sourcetree is a free Git client for Windows and Mac that simplifies how you interact with your Git repositories so you can focus on coding. It enables you visualize and manage your repositories through a simple Git GUI.
In this post we will show how to run some git daily basis commands with the Sourcetree GUI.
Shows the commit logs.
git log (doc)
In Sourcetree we can check the log in the History tab.
Record changes to the repository
git commit -m <message> [--amend] (doc)
In Sourcetree you can achieve the same result clicking in the rounded Commit button at the top left corner, write the message in the text box and commit it by clicking the right bottom button.
Adding the amend option you will replace the tip of the current branch by creating a new commit. For doing this in Sourcetree you need select the Commit Options in the right top of the commit input box and select the option Amend last commit.
Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
git diff <commit1> <commit2> (doc)
For doing the same in Sourcetree you just need select 2 commits in the History.
git stash when you want to record the current state of the working directory and the index, but want to go back to a clean working directory. The command saves your local modifications away and reverts the working directory to match the
git stash push -m <message> (doc)
In Sourcetree for push a new stash you need select the Stash button in the top toolbar.
For apply or delete a stash you can use the Stashes menu in the sidebar.
Switch branches or restore working tree files
git checkout -b <branch> (doc)
In Sourcetree first you need right click in the commit you want and select the Branch option.
Then you just need add the branch name and confirm.
Adds a remote named
<name> for the repository at
git remote add <name> <url> (doc)
To add this remote in Sourcetree first you need right click on the Workspace menu in the sidebar.
Then add the remote
<name> (usually defined as "origin") and
<url> in the fields and click in OK. That's it. Your new branch is ready.
Join two or more development histories together
git merge <branch> (doc)
For merge branch in Sourcetree you just need right click in the branch commit that you want and choose the option Merge.
If you have some conflict you can also fix it by right clicking in the conflicted file, select the Resolve Conflicts and pick the desired option.
Resolve Using 'Mine' means you want use the solution of your current branch and
Resolve Using `Theirs' means you want replace the solution for the selected commit.
To Squash commits you should use rebase command in interactive mode. Rebasing interactively means that you have a chance to edit the commits which are rebased. You can reorder the commits, and you can remove them (weeding out bad or otherwise unwanted patches).
Start it with the last commit you want to retain as-is:
git rebase -i <after-this-commit> (doc)
An editor will be fired up with all the commits in your current branch (ignoring merge commits), which come after the given commit. You can reorder the commits in this list to your heart’s content, and you can remove them. The list looks more or less like this:
pick deadbee The oneline of this commit pick fa1afe1 The oneline of the next commit ...
You can squash commits changing the word
squash (or just
s) next to it. The result would be:
pick deadbee The oneline of this commit squash fa1afe1 The oneline of the next commit ...
For squash commits in Sourcetree first you need right click in the commit before that you want and select the option
Rebase children of <commit> interactively....
Then select the commits you want squash and confirm. You can also edit the commit message if you want.
In this post we learned some useful git daily commands (like commit, merge, stash, etc.) using the Sourcetree GUI. It enables you visualize and manage your repositories improving your productivity and making you focus on what matters: coding.
If you believe there is some command missing or have any other suggestion please let me know commenting below :).